World History

Reports about Countries

The World Factbook – Facts, map, and flag of every country in the world

Atlapedia – Facts about many countries in the world

Country Studies: The Library of Congress

Countries of the World – Each Country Profile provides information on: Geography · Maps · Flag · History · Current ruler · Area · Population · Capital · Largest
cities · Languages · Ethnicity/race · Religion · Literacy rate · Economy · Government

Flags of the World

The World Heritage – This amazing site
has panoramic pictures and interactive virtual reality movies for all
sites registered as World Heritage by the UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization). It is a must see!

The Roman Empire
Stardard 7.1 – Students analyze the causes and effects of the vast expansion
and ultimate disintegration of the Roman Empire.

Daily Life in Ancient Rome

Electronic Passport to Rome

Know the Romans

History for Kids: Rome

Animated Maps of the Roman Empire

Ancient Rome – Lessons from the Constitutional Rights Foundation

The Code of Justinian

The Roman Empire in the First Century

Pictures of the Roman empire

Learn about Rome’s education, army, religion, and much more!

Explore a Virtual Roman Colosseum

Did Rome fall, or was it pushed?

Can You Save the Roman Republic?

End of Rome in the Medieval Sourcebook

Byzantium in the Medieval Sourcebook


Introduction to Christianity

Your Guide to the Religion of Christianity

Stardard 7.2 – Students analyze the geographic, political,
economic, religious, and social structures of civilizations of Islam in the
Middle Ages.

Understanding Islam and Muslims

The Pillars of Islam

Islamic History

Islam: Empire of Faith

Your Guide to the Religion of Islam

Islam – History for Kids

Understanding Islam and Muslims

Qur’an Search

Medieval Islam

Muhammad: Legacy
of a Prophet
– a great site with information about the Prophet
Muhammad that also includes video samples from the PBS documentary of the same

The Origins of Islamic Law

The Islamic Calendar

Islam in the Medieval Sourcebook

What Is the Difference Between Sunni and Shiite Muslims–and Why Does It Matter?

Islam’s Sunni-Shiite split – A look at the historic divide within the Muslim

the Sunni-Shi’ite Divide
– Time Magazine

Medieval Islamic Food

The Mexican Kitchen’s Islamic Connection

Cooking with the Caliphs

The Qur’an & Hadith about Haram & Halal
in Food

Alcohol According to the Qur’an and Sunnah

English Words that come from Arabic

Ramadan on the Net

The History of Ramadan

The Moors


Standard 7.4 – Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious,
and social structures of the sub-Saharan civilizations of Ghana and Mali in Medieval

Africa for Kids

Gold for Salt

African History in the Electronic Passport

An Introduction to Africa

An Introduction to Mali


The Collapse of Mali and Songhai – Mali and Songhai, as well as the smaller
kingdom of Ghana before them, were once great trading kingdoms famous for their
gold. Yet despite their greatness, they each declined for similar reasons.

The Atlantic Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Americas: A Visual Record

PBS Africa for Kids

African Sourcebook – From ancient times to the modern era, here are dozens of primary materials about the history of Africa.

Saharan Trade: A Link Between Europe and Africa – Maps, pictures and information about the trade between Europe and West Africa from Ghana to Songhay. Super West African Trade Route maps.

African Trade – From Critical Thinking Internet Activities: Ancient and Medieval

History Mystery – West African Kingdoms

Timbuktu – The great mythical city of Mali

Timeline of Medieval Africa

African Life through Art – Studies of African life, ritual, and culture through
audio, video, and graphics

African Folk Tales – Stories from Africa were traditionally passed down by
word of mouth.  Often they were told by the light of the moon around
a village fire after the completion of a long day of work. The stories
rarely ended with the words we so often heard as children when our parents
told us bedtime stories — “and they all lived happily ever after”.
Most stories didn’t end happily ever after.  Usually the stories taught
a lesson, and frequently, the selfish person learned that lesson the hard

African Masks
The Art of the African Mask
African Mask Gallary
African Art, Crafts, and Masks
African for Kids – Make a Mask


The Americas
Standard 7.7 – Students compare and contrast the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structures of the Meso-American and Andean civilizations.

The Maya
Secret of the Maya Glyphs – Who’s buried in the blue tomb? To solve the mystery,
you’ll need to explore a Maya temple in this adventure game.

A Maya Adventure

Why did the Maya Empire Collapse?

The Sport of Life and Death: The Mesoamerican Ball game

Tikal Guatemala – Journey through the Mayan Ruins of Tikal

Mayan Kids

Mayan Folktales

Mayan Number System and Calendar

Mayan Mathematics

The Aztec
The Story of the Aztecs

The Aztec Calendar

Montezuma’s Greeting to Hernan Cortes

Ancient Mexico – The History, Art, and Culture of Ancient Mesoamerica

Weeping Woman: The legend of La Llorona

The Incas
The Incredible Incas for Kids

Ice Mummies of the Inca

Machu Picchu Secrets

Searching for Inca Secrets

The Inca Trail to Machu Picchu – Take this four-day virtual field trip
to Machu Picchu, Peru, ancient refuge of the Incas high in the Andes Mountains.


Standard 7.3 – Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious,
and social structures of the civilizations of China in the Middle Ages.

Daily Life in Ancient China

Tang Dynasty – Daily Life in Tang Times

Chinese History in the Electronic Passport

Chinese Inventions

Ancient Chinese Inventions

Ancient Chinese Technology

Chinese Inventions – Learn about ancient Chinese inventions and technology
and the history of Chinese inventors. Learn about the kite, chopsticks, umbrellas,
gunpowder, firecrackers, the steelyard, abacus, ceramics, papermaking and more.

Inventors and Inventions from China and Taiwan

The Abacus – Learn about the first calculator

The History of China

The Great Wall of China

A Virtual Tour of China

A Journey to Beijing – A
personal account

The Land of Genghis Khan

Marco Polo and his Travels

Ancient China (The British Museum) – Illuminating World Cultures

China the Beautiful

Chinese Religions

Your guide to the religion of Buddhism

The Basics of Buddhism

Introduction to Buddhism

Buddhism in the Electronic Passport

The Four Noble Truths

A Brief History of Buddhism

Buddhist Tales

Interactive Tour of the Buddhist Wheel
of Life

The History of Daoism

Confucius and Confucianism

Confucianism: Founded by K’ung Fu Tzu

Confucius, K’ung-fu-tzu or Kongfuzi


Standard 7.5 – Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious,
and social structures of the civilizations of Medieval Japan.

Take a virtual reality trip to Japan

Samurai Culture

Samurai – Basic information

Samurai pictures

Samurai Tour

Samurai Shrines

Castles of Japan

Kids Web Japan

Zen Stories

Zen Buddhism

Daruma – Father of Zen Buddhism

The Tale of the Genji – One of the first novels ever written

Bonsai – “A truly detailed guide to bonsai, as an art, hobby and horticultural practice.”

The Middle Ages in Europe
Standard 7.6 – Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious,
and social structures of the civilizations of Medieval Europe.

Europe in the Middle Ages for Kids

The Middle Ages – Between Ancient and Modern

Middle Ages – History for Kids

Destroy the Castle – Sieging a castle with a trebuchet

What was it really live in the Middle Ages?

Life During the Middle Ages

People of the Middle Ages

A Monks Life

What Was So Important About 1066? – 1066 was a remarkable year. England
had three kings, two battles and one comet! There is no other year in history quite like 1066. Learn all about it here and find out why it is a year to remember, especially if you are English.

The Feudal System Explained

Eyewitness to the Middle Ages

A Medieval Fiefdom

Medieval Technology Pages – The Medieval Technology Pages are an attempt to
provide accurate, referenced information on technological innovation and related
subjects in western Europe during the Middle Ages.

Illuminated Manuscripts – During the Middle Ages, books were written by hand. View some of the wonderful artwork and handwriting of these scribes by clicking on
the links.
of Oxford Images

Illuminated Manuscripts

Mostly Medieval – Here you will find information on heraldry, myths and legends, religion, medicine, and other aspects of life in Britain during the Middle Ages.

Eyewitness to History: The Black Death – Coming out of the East, the Black Death reached the shores of Italy in the spring of 1348 unleashing a rampage of death across Europe unprecedented in recorded history. By the time the epidemic played itself out three years later, anywhere between 25% and 50% of Europe’s population had fallen victim to the pestilence.

The Bubonic Plague

Black Death: Bubonic Plague

Coats of Arms and Heraldry
Coats of Arms – many images
Symbolisms of Heraldry

Heraldry Symbols
Design a Coat of Arms

Castles on the Web
Castles of Britain
Castles of Wales
Medieval Siege
Here we describe some of the major weapons and strategies used in what became
a medieval arms race. Let the siege begin.

Cooking in the Middle Ages

The Crusades
The Crusades and the Rise of Islam

Medieval Crusades

Eleanor of Aquitaine – Female Hero from the Time of the Crusades

The Crusades in the Medieval Sourcebook

The Renaissance
Standard 7.8 – Students analyze the origins, accomplishments, and geographic
diffusion of the Renaissance.

Electronic Passport to the Renaissance

The Renaissance – What inspired this age of balance and order?

EyeWitness to the Renaissance

The Renaissance Connection, the Allentown Art Museum’s interactive educational
web site. With the simple click of a mouse button, travel 500 years into the
past to discover many Renaissance innovations revealed through the Allentown
Art Museum’s Samuel H. Kress Collection of European art.

Renaissance Personalities

Renaissance in the Medieval Sourcebook

Renaissance Inventions
Inventions of the Renaissance
Inventions of the 1500’s
Inventions of the 1600’s

Exploring Leonardo Da Vinci
Leonardo Da Vinci biography

Sistine Chapel Virtual Tour – Take the virtual tour of the Sistine Chapel without the crowds and with all the time you need. The tour has 325 breathtaking images.

Visit to the Sistine Chapel in Vatican

Sistine Chapel Images

Why is the Mona Lisa Smiling?

Michelangelo Buonarroti

Michelangelo’s Art
Web Museum Paris

Artists of the Early Renaissance

Artists of the High Renaissance


The Protestant Reformation
Standard 7.9
– Students analyze the historical developments of the Reformation.

The Reformation for Kids

The Reformation in the Medieval Sourcebook

The Scientific Revolution
Standard 7.10 – Students analyze the historical developments of the Scientific
Revolution and its lasting effect on religious, political, and cultural institutions.

Trial of Galileo Galilei

Nicolaus Copernicus – The father of astronomy

Sir Francis Bacon – Sir Francis Bacon was an English lawyer, statesman, essayist, historian, intellectual reformer, philosopher, and champion of modern science

Inventors and Inventions – Search for inventors and inventions by name, historical era, country, or field. Under A you will find everything from adhesive tape to Archimedes with a working level demonstrated. Each entry is a brief encyclopedic description, many enhanced by pictures.

Sir Isaac Newton – Read about the man who discovered gravity

Age of Discovery
Standard 7.11 – Students analyze political and economic change during the Age of Exploration.

Why Explorers Explored the World – This site has factual information, timelines, links for pictures and much more information

The Columbus Navigation Homepage – Examining the History, Navigation, and Landfall of Christopher Columbus

1492: An Ongoing Voyage

Columbus Letter to the King and Queen of Spain

The European Voyages of Exploration

Discoverers by Alphabet

Latitude – How it changed the knowledge of the world

Spanish Exploration and Conquest of Native America – Here is the conquest of
America from a Native American perspective. Cabeza de Vaca’s eight years
in North America, starting in 1528, set the stage for Hernando de Soto to lead an army of settlers from Havana, Spain’s “Ellis Island,” into America in the 1540’s. This is an extensive site with maps and primary source materials.

The Conquistadors

Exploration in the Medieval Sourcebook

The Enlightenment and Age of Reason
Standard 7.11 – Students analyze political and economic change in the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries (the Enlightenment, and the Age of Reason).

The Magna Carta

John Locke – English philosopher

Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen – This is a translation of the document written by the Marquis de Lafayette with the help of Thomas Jefferson in 1789. It was signed by Louis XVI but only under duress.

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