Branches of Government
Answer the questions using complete sentences on your own paper.

LEGISLATIVE - Congress - 100 Senators and 435 Representatives

Some duties of Congress include:
- writing bills, then voting on whether or not the bill should become a law
- collecting money from taxes
- declaring war


EXECUTIVE - The President, Vice President and Cabinet members

Some duties include:
- signing bills into law or vetoing, or rejecting them
- appointing Supreme Court justices
- meeting with foreign leaders and negotiating treaties



JUDICIAL - Nine Supreme Court Justices

Some of the duties include:
- deciding if laws agree with the Constitution
- interpreting how laws should be applied



1. Who is the head of the executive branch?

2. Which branch of government is responsible for writing bills and voting on whether or not the bills should become law?

3. The Supreme Court is the highest court in the country. What is one of the duties of the Supreme Court?

4. The President can veto, or reject a bill. But Congress can override, or cancel, a Presidential veto. If two-thirds of all Congress members votes for the bill, it can still become law. Why do you think the writers of the Constitution gave Congress this power?

5. Why did the writers separate the government into three branches? What might happen if the government's power were in the hands of just one person or group?

6. Which branch of government makes the laws?

7. Why do you think that the writers of the Constitution had the legislative branch of government declare war instead of the executive branch?

8. What branch of government does the Supreme Court belong to?

9. What branch has the power to coin (create) money?

10. What branch has the power to declare war?

11. What branch of government has the power to send troops oversees?

12. What is the most intense thing the legislative branch can do to the president?

13. What are the two parts of the legislative branch?

14. What can the president do if he does not like the legislation (a law) that Congress sends him?

15. What check does the president have over the judicial branch?

16. What checks does the legislative branch have over the judicial branch?

17. What check does the Supreme Court have if they don't like a law?