Comparing the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution

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The Articles of Confederation and the Constitution have much in common.
*They were established by the same people
*Both were the official government of the United States
*Both were the laws of the United States government
*Both called the nation the United States of America

The following is a comparison, detailing the similarities and differences between the two documents.

Legislature (makes the laws)
Articles: Legislature - Unicameral [One House], called Congress
Constitution: Legislature - Bicameral [Two Houses], called Congress, divided into the House of Representatives and the Senate

Members of Congress
Articles: Between two and seven members per state
Constitution: Two Senators per state, Representatives apportioned according to population of each state

Voting in Congress
Articles: One vote per state
Constitution: One vote per Representative or Senator

Appointment of members
Articles: All appointed by state legislatures, in the manner each legislature directed
Constitution: Representatives elected by popular vote, Senators appointed by state legislatures

Term of legislative office
Articles: One year
Constitution: Two years for Representatives, six for Senators

Term limit for legislative office
Articles: No more than three out of every six years
Constitution: None

Congressional Pay
Articles: Paid by states
Constitution: Paid by the federal government

Executive
Articles: None
Constitution: President

National Judiciary (Court system)
Articles: No federal courts
Constitution: Federal judiciary established, including Supreme Court

How disputes [arguments] between states are solved
Articles: Congress
Constitution: Supreme Court

New States
Articles: Admitted upon agreement of nine states
Constitution: Admitted upon agreement of Congress

Amendment - How national laws will be changed
Articles: When agreed upon by all states
Constitution: When agreed upon by three-fourths of all states

Navy
Articles: Congress authorized to build a navy; states authorized to equip warships to counter piracy
Constitution: Congress authorized to build a navy; states not allowed to keep ships of war

Army
Articles: Congress to decide on size of force and to requisition troops from each state according to population
Constitution: Congress authorized to raise and support armies

Power to coin (make) money
Articles: United States and the states
Constitution: United States only

Taxes
Articles: The United States Congress has no power to tax, but the states do
Constitution: Congress and the states have the power to levy and collect taxes

Ratification (how the document becomes law)
Articles: Unanimous consent of all the states required
Constitution: Consent of nine out of thirteen