Europe during the Middle Ages
Answer the questions on your paper using complete sentences.

The Middle Ages - Between Ancient and Modern
1. What year was Rome attacked?
2. What do historians mark the fall of Rome as?
3. What were the next one thousand years called?
4. What does medieval mean?
5. Why are the Middle Ages sometimes called the Dark Ages?
6. What did most people in the Middle Ages not know how to do?

The Feudal System Explained
7. What is the feudal system?
8. What was a fief?
9. What is a vassal?
10. What was the most important promise of a vassal?
11. What is a serf?
12. What kind of jobs did serfs perform?
13. Why was it good to be the king? (look at the top of the page)
14. Why was it bad to be a serf?

The Church
15. What faith were almost all of the people during the Middle Ages?
16. How did the people help pay for the church?
17. What is the pope?
18. Why did the pope have so much power?
19. What are monks and nuns?
20. What did monks and nuns promise?

A Monks Life
21. What is a monastery?
22. What was a monk’s life filled with?
23. What important task were monks also given to do?

Excommunication
24. Why was excommunication a great way to keep people in line during the Middle Ages?

Charlemagne
25. What country did Charlemagne rule?
26. What countries was Charlemagne able to take over?
27. What religion did Charlemagne want to convert all the people to?
28. What did Charlemagne turn his palace into?
29. How did Charlemagne help preserve knowledge?

Pope Adrian
30. Why were Charlemagne and Pope Adrian different from most popes and kings?
31. What did Charlemagne and Pope Adrian's friendship help create?

Books
32. Why were books so expensive in the middle ages?
33. What were the books that were written about?

Magna Carta
34. What was the Magna Carta?
35. What new rights did the Magna Carta add?