Name: 
 

Ancient History CST Review Prep



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Hammurabi’s code of law was significant because it
a.
helped him conquer other lands.
c.
protected the rights of the governors.
b.
was merciful and just
d.
organized many existing laws.
 

 2. 

Why did hunter-gatherers lead nomadic, or traveling, lives?
a.
They moved on when the soil was used up.
c.
They outgrew their villages.
b.
They followed the movements of animals.
d.
They moved to escape wars.
 

 3. 

The first Farmer’s Almanac was written in Sumer and gave farmers specific guidance as to the timing, size, and number of crop waterings throughout the year. This advanced system of crop irrigation helped the Sumerians produce a significant surplus of food, which supported the growth of cities in Mesopotamia.

Based on this excerpt, which statement best describes Sumerian agriculture?
a.
The Sumerians were not able to farm,even during dry seasons
c.
As a result of irrigation, the Sumerians produced surplus, or extra crops.
b.
Cities arose late in Mesopotamia because farmers could not depend on flooding.
d.
Agricultural methods in Sumer led to farmers producing fewer crops over time.
 

 4. 

What advantage did Egyptian farmers have over farmers in Mesopotamia?
a.
Only the flooding of the Nile deposited fertile soil on plains used for farms.
c.
The Nile flooded to greater depths than the Tigris or the Euphrates.
b.
The Nile flooded at regular intervals; the Tigris and Euphrates, irregularly.
d.
The Nile was surrounded by plains, rather than mountains.
 

 5. 

Some ancient Egyptian statues portray pharaohs as sphinxes, beings with a human head and lion body. What does this fact imply about ancient Egyptian culture?
a.
Ancient Egyptians used animal imagery to express traits such as strength.
c.
Ancient Egyptian sculpting technique required a variety of tools.
b.
It was forbidden to show the features of a pharaoh in Ancient Egyptian art.
d.
Art was only used in Ancient Egypt to honor the greatness of pharaohs.
 

 6. 

An important way that early Judaism differed from other religions at the time was that Jews alone
a.
built intricate temples in which to worship and pray.
c.
believed in an afterlife, or life after death.
b.
practiced monotheism—belief  in one God
d.
worshiped the gods of nature.
 

 7. 

Which of the following was a result of the Diaspora or spreading out of the Jewish people?
a.
The Jewish religion died out for hundreds of years.
c.
Jews formed communities across Europe.
b.
Many Jews converted to Christianity.
d.
Jews settled primarily in regions throughout Asia.
 

 8. 

Jewish civil and religious law evolved from the
a.
covenant between Abraham and God.
c.
Ten Commandments.
b.
Mishnah.
d.
Torah.
 

 9. 

Based on your knowledge of ancient Greece, what was one direct result of the geography of Greece on early Greek civilization?
a.
Tyrants were able to gain control.
c.
A unified national state rose up.
b.
An oligarchy developed.
d.
Separate city-states developed.
 

 10. 

Which factor made Athens’s direct democracy different from representative democracy?
a.
Citizens elected representatives,
who made the laws for them.
c.
There was a council to solve problems and an assembly to make policy.
b.
Citizens directly made the laws
themselves.
d.
Political power was divided into
three parts.
 

 11. 

Use the diagram to answer the next two questions.

mc011-1.jpg
Why are the Untouchables placed where they are on the pyramid diagram?
a.
They are considered too low to be part of the caste system.
c.
They belong to another caste system.
b.
They are foreigners who do not belong to the caste system.
d.
They are Indians who have rebelled against the caste system.
 

 12. 

Which conclusion is supported by the diagram?
a.
Only the bankers, merchants, and farmers had any wealth.
c.
To the Aryans, trade was the highest position.
b.
The Aryans put those with knowledge at the top of the system.
d.
Military skill was most highly prized in Aryan society.
 

 13. 

Hindus and Buddhists both believe in
a.
the need for a caste system.
c.
nirvana,
b.
many gods and goddesses.
d.
reincarnation.
 

 14. 

According to the Four Noble Truths, people’s suffering will end when they
a.
accept the caste system.
c.
stop desiring what they cannot have.
b.
take untouchables into their families.
d.
accept the Hindu gods and goddess.
 

 15. 

Which of the following is an achievement associated with the Indian civilization?
a.
the decimal system
c.
birth of democracy
b.
representative government
d.
the Bible
 

 16. 

“Zigong inquired about governing. The Master said, ‘Make food supplies sufficient, provide an adequate army, and give the people reason to have faith.”
—from Analects by Confucius

Based on the quotation, what would most likely be Confucius’s advice for rulers who want their people to have faith?
a.
Promise the people great wealth as a reward.
c.
Treat the people with respect and rule wisely.
b.
Enforce a strict set of religious beliefs
d.
Draft everyone into the army for a period of time.
 

 17. 

How did Shi Huangdi unify China?
a.
He built roads and set up a uniform currency and writing system.
c.
He promoted Confucianism.
b.
He surrounded himself with high-ranking nobles.
d.
He banned taxes.
 

 18. 

“Do not honor the worthy, And the people will not compete. Do not value rare treasures, And the people will not steal. Do not display what others want, And the people will not have their hearts confused.”
—from Laozi

Which statement best paraphrases Laozi’s ideals expressed in the quotation?
a.
Misery results when you value material possessions and status.
c.
Competition in a society leads to greater productivity and wealth.
b.
People should invest in rare treasures for their family’s future.
d.
Most people cannot help but spend their lives in a state of confusion.
 

 19. 

Which statement is true about China under the Han Dynasty?
a.
China rejected Buddhism.
c.
China refused to trade with others
b.
China raised taxes.
d.
China expanded beyond its borders.
 

 20. 

According to legend, what led to the founding of Rome?
a.
its settlement by a group of Latins
c.
its colonization by Greek traders
b.
its settlement by a group of Etruscans
d.
the decision of Romulus to establish a city
 

 21. 

In the Roman Republic, who were the consuls?
a.
A citizens of Rome and citizens of the provinces
c.
judges who interpreted Roman laws
b.
the executive and legislative branches of the government
d.
the chief executives of the government
 

 22. 

What was Julius Caesar’s contribution to Rome?
a.
He was Rome’s greatest judge.
c.
He fought for and preserved the ideals of the republic.
b.
He ended civil war and instituted reforms.
d.
He wrote down the Twelve Tables.
 

 23. 

The Twelve Tables led to
a.
protection under the law for all citizens.
c.
three branches of government.
b.
more power for the patricians.
d.
the beginning of the Roman Empire.
 

 24. 

“The Christian Church differed from [other religious groups of that time]. . . . While the . . . [others] provided special means to salvation in the next world, they took the position of their devotees [followers] in this world for granted. The Christian Church offered a way of living in this world.”
—Peter Brown, The World of Late Antiquity: a.d. 150–750

According to the quotation, what was part of the unique appeal of the early Christian Church?
a.
It promised life in the next world.
c.
It guided the lives of its followers.
b.
It gave followers freedom from political oppression.
d.
It granted equality to all its members.
 

 25. 


mc025-1.jpg

According to the map, by A.D. 212, Rome controlled all of
a.
sub-Saharan Africa.
c.
the area around the Mediterranean Sea.
b.
Asia.
d.
northern Europe and Scandinavia.
 

 26. 

A feature of the U.S. legal system borrowed from the Romans is
a.
an accused person’s need to prove his or her innocence.
c.
the right to a speedy trial.
b.
equality under the law for all citizens.
d.
no taxation without representation.
 

 27. 

Which factor enabled Rome to expand and maintain order?
a.
aqueducts
c.
enslaved labor
b.
efficient network of roads
d.
Christianity
 



 
Check Your Work     Start Over