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World History CST Review Prep



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

A feature of the U.S. legal system borrowed from the Romans is
a.
an accused person’s need to prove his or her innocence.
c.
the right to a speedy trial.
b.
equality under the law for all citizens.
d.
no taxation without representation.
 

 2. 

Which factor enabled Rome to expand and maintain order?
a.
aqueducts
c.
enslaved labor
b.
efficient network of roads
d.
Christianity
 

 3. 

What was one reason Germanic tribes were able to overrun the western Roman Empire in the 400s?
a.
Troops were too busy conquering new territories to guard borders.
c.
Roman citizens had become overeducated and would not fight.
b.
Germanic government was more organized than that of the empire.
d.
The Roman military had far fewer soldiers than the tribes had.
 

 4. 

What is one factor that helped spread Islam to other parts of the world?
a.
merchants
c.
missionaries
b.
music
d.
agriculture
 

 5. 

Jews and Christians enjoyed special privileges within the Muslim Empire because they
a.
outnumbered the Muslims.
c.
were considered “people of the book.”
b.
were more willing to convert than other groups.
d.
were more capable of filling government positions than many of the Muslims.
 

 6. 

How do the Five Pillars of Islam regulate Islamic religious life?
a.
They refer to different groups of Muslims.
c.
They describe the most important Muslim leaders.
b.
They describe the Islamic Day of Judgment.
d.
They identify Muslims’ major duties.
 

 7. 

“Know that the life of this world is but a sport and a pastime, a show and an empty vaunt [boast] among you, a quest for greater riches and more children. It is like the plants that flourish after rain: the husbandman [farmer] rejoices to see them grow; but then they wither and turn yellow, soon becoming worthless stubble.”
—from the Qur’an

Which statement best expresses the central idea of the quotation from the Qur’an?
a.
The activities and possessions of life do not last.
c.
People should try to have as much wealth as they possibly can.
b.
Nature is the source of all wisdom.
d.
Life should be enjoyed to the fullest.
 

 8. 

Which conclusion is accurate, based on the cultural achievements of the Muslims in the Umayyad and Abbasid empires?
a.
Muslims cared little for learning.
c.
The Muslims contributed little to Western Civilization.
b.
Medieval Muslim scholars preserved much ancient knowledge.
d.
The Muslims were the first people to make paper.
 

 9. 

Why did Buddhism spread after the collapse of the Han Dynasty in the 200s?
a.
Status in society depended on the military.
c.
It offered comfort in a time of uncertainty and disorder.
b.
Only Buddhists could rule the country.
d.
Many Buddhist missionaries from Japan came to China.
 

 10. 

What is one factor that helped to unify China under Tang rule?
a.
development of an improved system of canals and roads
c.
creation of a large middle class with a voice in government
b.
invention of a system of writing
d.
rebuilding of the Great Wall
 

 11. 

What do gunpowder, tea, and the magnetic compass have in common?
a.
All three were invented in China and had an effect on the lives of Europeans in later centuries.
c.
Each dramatically changed the standard of living in China.
b.
They were all borrowed from Japan and adapted by the Chinese.
d.
All were invented by the same highly educated scholar-official.
 

 12. 

Use the quotation to answer the next two questions.

“How easy for a scholar-official to offend, and now I’m demoted* and must go north. In my work I sought justice but the wise emperor disagreed.”
—from the poem “On Being Demoted and Sent Away to Qizhou” by Wang Wei *demoted: forced to take a lower-ranking job

What conclusion might be drawn from the poem about the position of a scholar-official in the Tang Dynasty?
a.
A scholar-official risked grave consequences if he ignored the wishes of the emperor.
c.
Although positions were difficult to obtain, they were easy to keep. 
b.
Becoming a scholar-official meant security for a lifetime.
d.
Scholar-officials were pressured to continue their education even after securing their positions.
 

 13. 

How might a scholar-official in the Tang Dynasty have obtained the position?
a.
His family was related to the emperor.
c.
He worked his way up from a low-ranking job.
b.
He was given the job because he performed well in battle.
d.
He showed his intelligence by performing well on a state exam.
 

 14. 

mc014-1.jpg

According to the map, in which vegetation zone is Ghana located?
a.
desert
c.
rainforest
b.
savannah
d.
Mediterranean
 

 15. 

Which is the correct description of the trade that took place among the regions of West Africa?
a.
Gold was traded for slaves.
c.
Gold was traded for salt.
b.
Gems were traded for salt.
d.
all of the above.
 

 16. 

Which statement accurately describes the historic significance of the empire of Ghana?
a.
Ghana’s location allowed it to control the gold and salt trades.
c.
As Ghana expanded, it lost money caring for areas it conquered.
b.
People of Ghana embraced the Christian beliefs of Berber traders.
d.
Ghana was the largest empire that has existed in West Africa.
 

 17. 

The empires of Ghana and Mali were alike in that both empires
a.
grew wealthy and powerful from the silk trade.
c.
grew to be more powerful than the Roman empire.
b.
were influenced by the laws and ethics of Islam.
d.
grew crops, such as millet, to trade with people to the south.
 

 18. 

What can be inferred from the fact that Timbuktu became an important center of Islamic scholarship under Mali’s emperors?
a.
The importance of trade had declined.
c.
Mali rulers wanted to reinstate traditional African belief systems.
b.
A number of its people knew and could read Arabic.
d.
In the 1200s, there were no other centers of Islamic scholarship in the world.
 

 19. 

Which factor led to feudalism and the rise of a military society in Japan?
a.
a weak central government
c.
European influence
b.
Chinese influence
d.
an overwhelming number of samurai
 

 20. 

Which of the following reflects the hierarchy of medieval Japan in descending order (greatest to least)?
a.
daimyo, shogun, samurai, emperor
c.
emperor, shogun, daimyo, samurai
b.
samurai, daimyo, emperor, shogun
d.
shogun, emperor, daimyo, samurai
 

 21. 

According to bushido, it would be better for a samurai to
a.
retreat rather than face certain death.
c.
find another profession if he lost his fighting skills.
b.
die rather than face dishonor.
d.
consider other options before engaging in conflict.
 

 22. 

In Japan’s military society, the samurai
a.
faced massive unemployment.
c.
became the major landowners.
b.
rose to positions in the shogun’s government.
d.
became the country’s army.
 

 23. 

Which summary best describes feudalism?
a.
a religious organization in which knights supported the pope by taking part in Crusades
c.
a political system in which nobles pledged loyalty to the king and protected the serfs on their land
b.
a community in which most people farmed or raised animals such as sheep and pigs
d.
an economic system based heavily on trade with both neighboring and distant countries
 

 24. 

Conflict grew between rulers and the Church when
a.
the pope wanted to appoint bishops
c.
kings became more powerful.
b.
the Church began to set up universities.
d.
many knights joined the Crusades.
 

 25. 

What was one effect of the Crusades?
a.
Christian forces conquered Palestine.
c.
Europe entered into a period of isolation.
b.
Religious tolerance spread throughout Europe.
d.
Demand for spices and other goods promoted trade.
 

 26. 

Which circumstance contributed to the growing power of the Church in the Middle Ages?
a.
the Church’s successful Crusades
c.
the signing of the Magna Carta
b.
the adoption of habeas corpus
d.
the Church’s ties to the ruling class of kings and nobles
 

 27. 

Which event below was a step toward representative government in England?
a.
the organization of the Crusades
c.
the formation of manors
b.
the signing of the Magna Carta
d.
the creation of a kingdom
 

 28. 

How did the Church promote education in the Middle Ages?
a.
Monks and nuns copied ancient Latin manuscripts.
c.
Parish churches set up village schools for children.
b.
The Church encouraged scientific experimentation.
d.
The Church distributed copies of the Bible.
 

 29. 

How did Inca society differ from the Aztec and Maya societies in Mesoamerica?
a.
The Inca nobility controlled the government.
c.
The Inca noble class included farmers
b.
The Inca society had no slaves.
d.
The Inca had few skilled artisans.
 

 30. 

What religious feature did the Mayas, Aztecs, and Incas have in common?
a.
They recorded their religious beliefs in codices.
c.
They had no priests so kings performed religious rituals.
b.
They prohibited the eating of certain foods.
d.
They were polytheistic, believing in many gods.
 

 31. 

Which cultural achievement, called quipu, involved knots in ropes?
a.
the accounting system of the Inca
c.
the double calendar of the Aztec
b.
the making of codices by the Maya
d.
the invention of zero by the Maya
 

 32. 

In the Aztec civilization, a calendar was developed to plan when to
a.
build stone roads.
c.
collect yearly taxes.
b.
make bark-paper codices
d.
perform religious ceremonies.
 

 33. 

Which phrase best describes an achievement of the Inca Empire?
a.
had books called codices
c.
cultivated cocoa beans
b.
developed a system of roads
d.
advanced weapons technology
 

 34. 

Which is one reason that the Spanish defeated both the Aztecs and the Inca?
a.
Many Inca and Aztec died from Spanish diseases.
c.
Incas and Aztecs waged war with each other.
b.
Most Incas and Aztecs had no weapons.
d.
Both the Incas and Aztecs relied on slaves as soldiers.
 

 35. 

Studying classical texts led humanists to focus on
a.
the philosophy of government and law.
c.
the early Church.
b.
art history.
d.
human potential and achievements.
 

 36. 

The use of the perspective technique resulted in
a.
literature written in the vernacular.
c.
printing presses with movable type.
b.
paintings that appeared three- dimensional.
d.
more complex buildings.
 

 37. 

Which was a result of the Renaissance?
a.
timeless works of literature exploring human nature
c.
new emphasis on simple and pious living
b.
better forms of transportation
d.
new theories of crop rotation
 

 38. 

Why did the printing press encourage writers to use their local languages?
a.
Movable type could not be used to print Latin.
c.
The Church reserved the use of Latin for the Bible and religious texts only.
b.
Books became more widely available but most people could not read Latin.
d.
It was not possible to write poetry in Latin.
 

 39. 

Once the Bible was available in the vernacular, more people
a.
drew their own conclusions about religious teachings.
c.
became missionaries.
b.
turned to the clergy for religious instruction.
d.
became Catholics.
 

 40. 

What does the term Great Schism refer to?
a.
the split within the Protestant churches
c.
the split between Protestants and Catholics
b.
the split between the English and the Catholic Church in the 1500s
d.
the split within the Catholic Church in the 1300’s
 

 41. 

What did someone who bought an indulgence receive?
a.
a blessing from the Vatican
c.
the right to attend church
b.
a pardon for a sin
d.
the right to commit a sin
 

 42. 

Which religious leader made predestination a central part of his belief system?
a.
John Calvin
c.
St. Ignatius of Loyola
b.
Martin Luther
d.
William Tyndale
 

 43. 

Which of the following religions is a result of the Reformation?
a.
Eastern Orthodoxy
c.
Protestantism
b.
Judaism
d.
Roman Catholicism
 

 44. 

mc044-1.jpg
Use the chart above to answer the next three questions.

What theory of the universe was held before 1543?
a.
The moon was the center of the universe.
c.
Each planet was the center of its own universe.
b.
The earth was the center of the universe.
d.
Heaven was the center of the universe.
 

 45. 

Which statement best describes the historical contribution of the events on the chart?
a.
made possible further scientific discoveries
c.
increased the power of the Catholic Church in Europe
b.
reinforced ancient Greek ideas
d.
increased the power of the kings in Europe
 

 46. 

What conclusion about the Scientific Revolution can be drawn from the chart?
a.
Most major scientific advances of the period occurred during the 1500s.
c.
Literature and art were neglected in the 1600s
b.
The 1600s were active years for scientific breakthroughs.
d.
Enthusiasm for discovery was fading by the mid-1600s.
 

 47. 

In what way did the medieval Muslim and Jewish scholars contribute to the Scientific Revolution?
a.
They invented the microscope used by Galileo.
c.
Their translations made ancient texts available to European scholars.
b.
Their humanistic ideals encouraged the spirit of inquiry.
d.
They developed the principles of the scientific method.
 

 48. 

As a result of the voyages of da Gama and Dias the Portuguese
a.
sent many missionaries to South America.
c.
gained control of the trade routes to Asia.
b.
claimed large parts of South America.
d.
gained control of the spice trade with Africa.
 

 49. 

mc049-1.jpg


From the chart, what can you infer about the effects of the Columbian Exchange?
a.
exposed Europeans, but not Native Americans, to many new foods
c.
led to some harmful effects for people in the Americas
b.
enriched life in the Americas but not life in Europe
d.
led to the raising of pigs and cows on European farms
 

 50. 

Which circumstance explains the growth of capitalism during the Age of Exploration and the Enlightenment?
a.
The collapse of strong kingdoms created problems in the financial markets.
c.
More wealth let merchants reinvest their profits in other businesses.
b.
Enlightened rulers wanted to increase trade with other countries’ colonies.
d.
The spread of disease led to advances in the field of medical technology.
 



 
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