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U.S. History CST Review Prep 1



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

U.S. citizens put John Locke’s idea that people give their consent to be governed into practice by
a.
supporting their government in all circumstances.
c.
using their free speech to criticize the government.
b.
exercising their right to bear arms.
d.
voting for their representatives in government.
 

 2. 

Historians agree that the Great Awakening influenced America’s fight for independence by
a.
challenging people to make moral choices and to act on them.
c.
inspiring the colonies to outlaw slavery and all forms of injustice.
b.
making people believe they were destined to go to heaven.
d.
preaching that colonists should fight a war to break from English rule.
 

 3. 

“. . . all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness; that to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed; that whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it. . . .”

—Declaration of Independence

According to the Declaration of Independence, what three rights are people born with that cannot be taken away?
a.
free speech, the right to have opinions, and the right to own property
c.
free elections, fair trials, and the right to alter government
b.
the right to live, the right to be free, and the right to try to find happiness
d.
the right to be born, the right to die, and the right to be happy
 

 4. 

What does the Declaration of Independence proclaim is an important right of the people when a government fails to protect their freedoms?
a.
write letters and petitions
c.
support or uphold the government
b.
move to another country
d.
change or dispose of the government
 

 5. 

A republic is ruled by
a.
king, queen, or emperor.
c.
a council of priests or ministers.
b.
an elected representative group.
d.
people not accountable to citizens.
 

 6. 

Which of the following ideas are contained in the Declaration of Independence?
a.
how to balance power between state and federal government
c.
the colonists’ grievances against the king
b.
how a new American government should operate
d.
the procedures for free and fair elections
 

 7. 

Which statement accurately describes the Bill of Rights?
a.
It is a name for the first ten amendments to the Constitution.
c.
It protects the exact same set of freedoms as the English Bill of Rights.
b.
It is the first part of the Constitution.
d.
It protects the rights of states under the federal government.
 

 8. 

The Bill of Rights was critical to ratifying the Constitution because it
a.
protects individual rights not mentioned in the Constitution.
c.
rejects some rights mentioned in the Declaration of Independence.
b.
addresses the concerns of British Loyalists.
d.
explains the thinking behind the Constitution.
 

 9. 

How did the Constitution correct the problems of the Articles of Confederation?
a.
It took away state-level law making.
c.
It let southern states make laws for northern states.
b.
It gave the states the power to collect taxes.
d.
It moved some power from state to federal government.
 

 10. 

What two ideas did the Constitution try to balance?
a.
the rights of slaves and the needs of slave owners
c.
the power of government and the rights of the individual
b.
the right to know and the right to privacy
d.
the needs of government and the rights of the majority
 

 11. 

The Anti-Federalists were afraid that
a.
a strong executive branch might lead to tyranny.
c.
a Bill of Rights would guarantee too many individual freedoms.
b.
state governments would have too much power.
d.
most voters were too uneducated to vote wisely.
 

 12. 

Which name correctly describes opponents of the original Constitution?
a.
Federalists
c.
Anti-Federalists
b.
Republicans
d.
Whigs
 

 13. 

A small state would have been more likely to support the New Jersey Plan, because
a.
representation in Congress would be based on a state’s population.
c.
larger states would have more power in Congress.
b.
there would be two houses of Congress.
d.
it allowed each state equal representation.
 

 14. 

What was the  goal of the Federalist Papers?
a.
to provide historical background for the Constitution
c.
to declare American strengths to the world
b.
to improve on the ideas in the Constitution and the Bill of Rights
d.
to persuade the citizens of the United States to ratify the Constitution
 

 15. 

What role did George Washington play in the writing of the Constitution?
a.
He was one of the authors of the Federalist Papers.
c.
He presided over the Constitutional Convention.
b.
He authored the Bill of Rights.
d.
He crafted the style of the writing.
 

 16. 

What philosophy or position did James Madison support in framing the Constitution?
a.
A nation is best protected by strong centralized government.
c.
A leader can take quick decisive action if given total power.
b.
Common working people are the nation’s biggest strength.
d.
A union of states must allow each state to decide its own laws.
 

 17. 

“Believing with you that . . . the legitimate powers of government reach actions only, and not opinions, I contemplate . . . that act of the whole American people which declared that their legislature should make no law respecting an establishment of religion. . .  thus building a wall of separation between church and state.”

—Thomas Jefferson, Letter to the Danbury Baptists, 1802

What does Jefferson mean by “building a wall of separation?”
a.
Religion and government do not function well when they are separate, or walled off.
c.
The First Amendment ensures government and religion have no power over one another.
b.
Americans should take care to keep church and government in separate buildings.
d.
America should pass a law banning religious words and religious people in government.
 

 18. 

In America, under the protections guaranteed in the Constitution, citizens are free to
a.
go to any church they choose, as long as it is a Christian church.
c.
decide not to go to church, as long as they believe in God.
b.
practice any religion they want, as long as they believe in God.
d.
hold any—or no—religious beliefs, including not believing in God.
 

 19. 

What set of responsibilities does the Constitution assign to the Congress?
a.
appoint judges, make treaties, collect taxes, and appoint ambassadors
c.
interpret the Constitution and decide the constitutionality of laws
b.
declare war, make laws, collect taxes, and regulate commerce
d.
collect taxes and make treaties and agreements with other countries
 

 20. 

What is one way that a branch of government checks, or keeps a watch on, another branch, under the Constitution?
a.
Courts can decide the constitutionality of laws made by Congress.
c.
Congress writes the laws, but the president passes them into law.
b.
The president commands the army and can declare war.
d.
The president decides the tax amount, and Congress collects the tax.
 

 21. 

Federalism can be defined as a belief in a government where
a.
a central government controls the states.
c.
states and a central government share power.
b.
the central government has no power over the states.
d.
states decide what power to give the central government.
 

 22. 

The “separation of powers” means that
a.
people who work for one branch of government may not work for another
c.
the citizens can vote to impeach a president if he or she breaks the law.
b.
three branches of government divide power so that one branch does not get too powerful.
d.
the government cannot control the church, and the church cannot control the government.
 

 23. 

mc023-1.jpg

Looking at the dates in the chart, choose which important event happened in the same year that many states were adopting new constitutions.
a.
the Boston Tea Party
c.
the Declaration of Independence
b.
the French and Indian War
d.
the Boston Massacre
 

 24. 

Political parties were first formed in America because
a.
Americans disagreed with the British about how the country should be run.
c.
Americans disagreed with each other over how the country should be run.
b.
Americans were looking for a way to fight British tyranny and oppression.
d.
Many Americans were unhappy with President Washington.
 

 25. 

Which of the following is true about Hamilton’s financial policy?
a.
Hamilton wanted simpler national finances, with a large degree of independence for the states.
c.
Hamilton believed the federal government should not play too strong a role in financial policy.
b.
Hamilton wanted the U.S. government to take on states’ war debts.
d.
Hamilton thought states ought to pay their own debts from the Revolutionary War.
 

 26. 

What is true about Hamilton’s Federalists?
a.
They opposed the charter of a national bank.
c.
They believed that individual states should manage their own finances.
b.
They supported an economy based on industry.
d.
They favored diplomatic ties with France.
 

 27. 

Captain Daniel Shays was
a.
a governor of Massachusetts, angry at the interference of the federal government.
c.
a farmer, angry that the crops had failed.
b.
a Revolutionary War veteran, angry at not getting his pension or benefits.
d.
a farmer and veteran, angry that farmers were being sent to jail because of debts.
 

 28. 

Why had the government imposed a tax on whiskey?
a.
to make people stop drinking
c.
to pay off the national debt
b.
to support an army on the frontier
d.
to provide relief for struggling farmers
 

 29. 

The federal government’s response to the Whiskey Rebellion showed that it
a.
would assist a state when the state was in trouble.
c.
was sympathetic to the problems of backcountry farmers.
b.
had the power and determination to enforce its laws.
d.
imposed unfair taxes and was unwilling to compromise.
 

 30. 

A bill that is vetoed by the president can still become law if 
a.
a conference committee makes a new version.
c.
enough citizens protest and contact their lawmakers.
b.
the bill is passed by a two-thirds vote in both houses of Congress.
d.
the president’s veto is not witnessed by anyone.
 

 31. 

Which of the following is one example of citizen participation in the political process?
a.
supporting community scouting organizations
c.
keeping their neighborhood clean
b.
voting in local elections
d.
supporting a local sports team
 

 32. 

In his Farewell Address, Washington
a.
supported the creation of political parties
c.
supported unity of all regions of the country
b.
supported creating permanent alliances with foreign governments
d.
supported the creation of national debt to pay for important projects
 

 33. 

Thomas Jefferson thought that people should be governed primarily by
a.
a monarch.
c.
the president.
b.
religion.
d.
the law.
 

 34. 

What did Andrew Jackson do in connection with the National Bank?
a.
hired stockjobbers to run it
c.
praised it for securing democracy
b.
vetoed a bill extending its charter
d.
made large federal deposits to its vaults
 

 35. 

New transportation modes and inventions gave rise to
a.
abolitionism.
c.
modern capitalism.
b.
the cotton gin.
d.
small farming.
 

 36. 

The cotton gin, which helped increase cotton production, also increased
a.
pollution in cities.
c.
demand for slave labor.
b.
markets in the West.
d.
the cost of transportation.
 

 37. 

How was daily life changing in America around the beginning of the 19th Century?
a.
More people were going to Europe to study art
c.
It was becoming more difficult to make a living as a writer.
b.
Fewer people now lived in cities.
d.
It was getting easier to buy things instead of making them.
 

 38. 

The Supreme Court having the final say in interpreting the Constitution is known as
a.
Marbury v. Madison
c.
the Judiciary Act of 1801
b.
Judicial Review
d.
Democratic-Republicanism
 

 39. 

The physical size of the United States was doubled by
a.
the War of 1812.
c.
the Lewis and Clark Expedition.
b.
the Louisiana Purchase.
d.
the expedition of Zebulon Pike.
 

 40. 

What did the Monroe Doctrine say?
a.
The United States should become part of Europe.
c.
Europe should stay out of Latin America.
b.
The United States should conquer Canada.
d.
The United States would always have free trade.
 

 41. 


mc041-1.jpg

Looking at the map, it is clear that Jackson was least popular in the
a.
Midwest.
c.
Northwest.
b.
Northeast.
d.
Southeast.
 

 42. 

Jacksonian democracy gave political power to the 
a.
wealthy.
c.
majority.
b.
educated
d.
minorities.
 

 43. 

Under the spoils system, jobs went to
a.
factory workers in the cities.
c.
Jackson’s political supporters.
b.
National Bank managers.
d.
people best suited for them.
 

 44. 

Jackson’s solution to white settlers’ hunger for land was the
a.
Indian Removal Act.
c.
Second U.S. Bank.
b.
Northwest Ordinance.
d.
Spoils System.
 

 45. 

Manifest Destiny was the idea that
a.
Americans would establish colonies.
c.
Americans would one day conquer England.
b.
it was America’s fate to include Mexico and Central America.
d.
it was the fate of the United States to stretch from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean.
 

 46. 

The Cherokee Trail of Tears was a result of
a.
Manifest Destiny.
c.
the Homestead Act.
b.
Indian Removal Act.
d.
the Lewis and Clark expedition.
 

 47. 

The purpose of the Lewis and Clark expedition was to   
a.
lead Native Americans to the West.
c.
scout out land for a new railroad.
b.
look for gold and other minerals.
d.
find a water route to the Pacific Ocean.
 

 48. 

Laura Ingalls Wilder wrote about
a.
life on a riverboat.
c.
pioneer life.
b.
slaves in the South.
d.
the gold rush.
 



 
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