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U.S. History CST Review Prep B



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Laura Ingalls Wilder wrote about
a.
life on a riverboat.
c.
pioneer life.
b.
slaves in the South.
d.
the gold rush.
 

 2. 

“In . . . twenty-four days, we have had murders, fearful accidents . . . whippings, a hanging . . . and a fatal duel.”

—Louise Clappe, quoted in Frontier Women

The quotation makes it clear that life on the frontier could be   
a.
quiet.
c.
lively.
b.
entertaining.
d.
dangerous.
 

 3. 

In 1830, most of the Southwest belonged to  
a.
Mexico.
c.
Spain
b.
Texas.
d.
the United States.
 

 4. 

Which of the following events happened last?
a.
Texas became independent from Mexico.
c.
Mexico and the United States fought a war.
b.
Texas became an American state.
d.
Mexico became independent from Spain.
 

 5. 

One of the strongest advocates for a federally maintained interstate road was
a.
Abraham Lincoln.
c.
Henry Clay.
b.
Andrew Jackson.
d.
James Monroe.
 

 6. 

Railroads were an important mode of transportation
a.
during the American Revolution.
c.
when Washington was president.
b.
during the Civil War.
d.
for the early Native Americans.
 

 7. 

Immigration after the Great Irish Famine is an example of immigration caused by
a.
the Industrial Revolution.
c.
failure of a major crop.
b.
a trend to larger farms.
d.
population increase.
 

 8. 

How did immigration affect the growth of cities in the United States
a.
Growth was limited to eastern ports.
c.
Older cities declined as new cities grew.
b.
Cities grew in the Northeast and Midwest.
d.
Most immigrants lived on farms.
 

 9. 

“We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights.”
—Elizabeth Cady Stanton, The Seneca Falls “Declaration of Sentiments” (1848)

From the quotation, you can determine that Stanton purposefully modeled the “Declaration of Sentiments” on which important document?
a.
the Bill of Rights
c.
the Mayflower Compact
b.
the Declaration of Independence
d.
the Preamble to the Constitution
 

 10. 

A “suffragist” is a person who
a.
organizes unions for workers’ rights.
c.
supports education reform.
b.
fights for women’s right to vote.
d.
works to ban the sale of alcohol.
 

 11. 

In the middle of the 19th century, many of the women involved in the struggle for women’s rights were also
a.
abolitionists.
c.
ministers
b.
novelists.
d.
recent immigrants.
 

 12. 

An important belief in American culture in the 1840s and 1850s was that one could learn about life from
a.
newspapers.
c.
politics.
b.
self-examination
d.
religion.
 

 13. 

Transcendentalism emphasized
a.
the importance of order in society.
c.
belonging to the right church.
b.
the importance of the spiritual world.
d.
improving working conditions.
 

 14. 

What was the cotton gin? 
a.
a machine that cleaned cotton
c.
a type of alcohol made from cotton
b.
a machine that harvested cotton
d.
a machine that planted cotton
 

 15. 

Who was the inventor of the cotton gin?
a.
Benjamin Franklin
c.
Thomas Jefferson
b.
Robert Fulton
d.
Eli Whitney
 

 16. 

Why was the cotton gin important to Southern agriculture? 
a.
It transformed the way that clothing was produced.
c.
It made slaves unnecessary on cotton plantations.
b.
It made it much cheaper to produce cotton.
d.
It made it possible for cotton to be grown in colder climates.
 

 17. 

What effect did the cotton gin have on slavery?
a.
It made slavery less popular in the South.
c.
It sped up the spread of slavery.
b.
It eliminated the need for slave labor.
d.
Slaves acquired more rights.
 

 18. 

Slavery in the South was harsh in that it
a.
lasted for a brief period.
c.
spread religion.
b.
broke up families.
d.
was not profitable.
 

 19. 

What two aspects of culture became most important to enslaved African Americans?
a.
social clubs and family ties
c.
religion and higher education
b.
music and books
d.
family ties and religion
 

 20. 

Which abolitionist preached that violence would be necessary in the fight to free slaves?
a.
John Quincy Adams
c.
Frederick Douglass
b.
John Brown
d.
Benjamin Franklin
 

 21. 

Which abolitionist was both an escaped slave and a famous conductor for the Underground Railroad?
a.
John Brown
c.
William Lloyd Garrison
b.
Angelina Grimke
d.
Harriet Tubman
 

 22. 

Two famous abolitionist newspapers were the North Star and the
a.
Abolitionist.
c.
Freedom News.
b.
Agitator.
d.
Liberator.
 

 23. 

In 1787, people wanted to outlaw slavery in the Northwest Territories because it would    
a.
make slavery more profitable in the South.
c.
keep the balance between slave and free states.
b.
guarantee that runaway slaves had somewhere to go.
d.
stop the growth of large plantations in the area.
 

 24. 

The main purpose of the Northwest Ordinance was to help 
a.
farmers obtain free land.
c.
the abolition of slavery in the United States.       
b.
land speculators get rich.
d.
the country grow in an orderly way.
 

 25. 

What issue was at stake when Texas and California tried to join the Union?
a.
Would they join as slave states or free states?
c.
How would the Spanish-speaking  population learn English?
b.
Would Mexico agree to let them join the Union?
d.
Who owned the rights to gold?
 

 26. 

What was Henry Clay’s role in the entry of California into the Union?
a.
He tried to get California to leave the Union.
c.
He wanted to split California into two states.
b.
He voted in favor of invading Mexico.
d.
He suggested the Compromise of 1850.
 

 27. 

California became a state once the Compromise of 1850 settled how the state would handle 
a.
the war with Mexico.
c.
the cotton gin.
b.
the issue of slavery.
d.
the ongoing gold rush.
 

 28. 

What was the major characteristic of the Southern economy in the mid-1800s? 
a.
commerce
c.
industry
b.
farming
d.
ranching
 

 29. 

What was the major characteristic of the Northern economy in the mid-1800s?
a.
agriculture
c.
industry
b.
farming
d.
ranching
 

 30. 

The doctrine of nullification was based on the theory of
a.
checks and balances.
c.
separation of powers.
b.
federalism.
d.
states’ rights.
 

 31. 

Southern states said they would nullify laws they felt were unfair. What else did they do to protest unfair tariffs?  
a.
declared war
c.
asked Britain for help
b.
boycotted goods from the North
d.
threatened to secede
 

 32. 

In the Gettysburg Address, Lincoln said that the country was based on the idea that “all men are created equal.” He was echoing the words of  
a.
the Bill of Rights.
c.
the Emancipation Proclamation.
b.
the Constitution.
d.
the Declaration of Independence
 

 33. 

How did the Emancipation Proclamation reflect the ideas of the Declaration of Independence?  
a.
It supported Southern independence.
c.
It freed Southern prisoners of war.
b.
It gave slaves the right to vote.
d.
It supported freedom for slaves
 

 34. 

“With malice toward none, with charity for all . . . let us bind up the nation’s wounds.” —Abraham Lincoln, Second Inaugural Address, 1865

What best summarizes Lincoln’s  sentiment as expressed in this excerpt from his Second Inaugural Address? 
a.
We must have a commitment to hospitals for veterans.
c.
We must have a plan to raise money for the war.
b.
We must have an attitude of forgiveness toward the South.
d.
We must have a plan to abolish slavery in border states.
 

 35. 

Ulysses S. Grant’s major role in the Civil War was to 
a.
lead the Union army to final victory.
c.
defeat Robert E. Lee at Gettysburg.
b.
be vice president of the Confederacy.
d.
lead the Union army to final victory.
 

 36. 

Why did soldiers from the South have a disadvantage compared to those from the North?  
a.
They were drafted rather than choosing to fight.
c.
Their generals were not willing to keep fighting.
b.
The South had fewer resources to support the troops.
d.
They did most of their fighting on Northern soil.
 

 37. 

The Civil War began at
a.
Fort Sumter.
c.
New Orleans.
b.
Gettysburg.
d.
Vicksburg.
 

 38. 

A new military technology that led to increased casualties was the use of 
a.
blockades.
c.
minie balls.
b.
ironclad warships
d.
sieges.
 

 39. 

What critical event in the Civil War happened at Appomattox?
a.
The South broke through the Northern blockade.
c.
Lee won a battle in the North.
b.
Lee surrendered to Grant.
d.
The first battle of ironclads was fought.
 

 40. 

What was the main purpose of Reconstruction?
a.
to unite the states and rebuild the South
c.
to take land away from plantation owners
b.
to give African Americans equal rights
d.
to pardon former Confederate generals
 

 41. 

Why were “carpetbaggers” distrusted in the South during Reconstruction 
a.
As Northerners who came to the  South, they represented a recent enemy.
c.
As poor whites and African Americans, they competed for jobs.
b.
As African Americans who went north after emancipation, they were considered spies.
d.
As traveling salespeople, they were making a profit from the war.
 

 42. 

In response to the black codes passed by Southern states, Congress
a.
decided to end the process of Reconstruction.
c.
helped re-elect President Andrew Johnson.
b.
passed laws to give African Americans more rights.
d.
allowed the black codes to stand without challenging them.
 

 43. 

The Radical Republicans thought that Reconstruction should be controlled by the
a.
president.
c.
Supreme Court.
b.
states.
d.
Congress.
 

 44. 

Black codes were designed to
a.
help African Americans get jobs.
c.
get cheap laborers for landowners.
b.
make voting easier for African Americans.
d.
limit the rights of African Americans.
 

 45. 

The Freedmen’s Bureau helped African Americans
a.
buy land in the West.
c.
buy old plantations.
b.
get an education.
d.
move to the North.
 

 46. 

Reading tests and poll taxes made it harder for
a.
people to cheat at the polls.
c.
African Americans to vote.
b.
whites to take advantage of blacks.
d.
politicians to trick voters.
 

 47. 

The Supreme Court decision in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) supported
a.
Reconstruction.
c.
Jim Crow Laws.
b.
the Freedmen’s Bureau.
d.
the Ku Klux Klan.
 

 48. 

Congress passed the Thirteenth Amendment because
a.
The Emancipation Proclamation only applied to the Confederate states.
c.
The Emancipation Proclamation had been declared unconstitutional.
b.
President Johnson had repealed the Emancipation Proclamation.
d.
President Lincoln had rescinded the Emancipation Proclamation before he died.
 

 49. 

In the aftermath of the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments, African Americans living in the South were
a.
without legal voting rights.
c.
still discriminated against, sometimes violently.
b.
welcomed into Southern society.
d.
doing well economically, and able to vote.
 

 50. 

The Fourteenth Amendment states that anyone born in the United States is a citizen who
a.
entitled to the right to vote.
c.
responsible for performing military service.
b.
guaranteed equal protection under the law.
d.
eligible to run for president.
 

 51. 

During what period in the history of the United States were the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth amendments passed?
a.
during the Civil War
c.
when the Founding Fathers were writing the Constitution
b.
during Reconstruction C during the period leading up to the Civil War
d.
during Reconstruction
 

 52. 

What do the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth amendments all have in common?
a.
They ended the Civil War.
c.
They granted civil rights to soldiers who had fought for the Confederacy.
b.
They increased the power of the Southern states.
d.
They were intended to correct injustices created by slavery in the  United States.
 



 
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