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U.S. History Review Test



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

What was the result of the dispute between Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton?
a.
the establishment of the president’s cabinet
c.
the development of two political parties
b.
the passage of the Alien and Sedition Acts
d.
the creation of a National Bank
 

 2. 

Use the excerpt below to answer questions 2 and 3.

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among them are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed. That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or abolish it, and to institute new Government… —The Declaration of Independence

Why was it important to the Founders that unalienable rights were protected?
a.
They wanted their government to reflect traditional British rule
c.
They wanted to make sure that immigrants received rights.
b.
They felt that people were born with rights that should not be taken away.
d.
They were afraid of rights being taken away if the Revolutionary War were lost.
 

 3. 

According to the Declaration of Independence, if a government denies people their unalienable rights, the people can
a.
declare citizens separate but equal
c.
establish a new government.
b.
settle new colonies.
d.
create a new Bill of Rights.
 

 4. 

Under the Articles of Confederation, most powers were given to
a.
the national government.
c.
the president
b.
the states
d.
American citizens
 

 5. 

Formal changes to the Constitution are called
a.
elections
c.
court decisions
b.
executive orders
d.
amendments
 

 6. 

All of the following are characteristics of the Great Awakening except
a.
an increase in religious tolerance.
c.
an increase in religious practice.
b.
an increase in economic stability.
d.
an increase in ideas of equality.
 

 7. 

The system of checks and balances, as established by the Constitution, is meant to
a.
limit the power of any one branch of government.
c.
give each branch of government unlimited powers.
b.
ensure that the executive branch has the most power.
d.
settle issues between state and federal governments.
 

 8. 


mc008-1.jpg
The graphic above illustrates
a.
the passage of an executive order.
c.
the process of how a bill becomes a law.
b.
the process of judicial review.
d.
the ratification of an amendment.
 

 9. 

The First Amendment protects all of the following rights except
a.
having a peaceful protest against a court decision.
c.
petitioning the government to change a law.
b.
attending the church of your choice.
d.
writing a threatening letter to a public official.
 

 10. 

According to the Three-Fifths Compromise, each enslaved person would count as three- fifths of a person for the purposes of
a.
taxation and representation.
c.
citizenship and voting rights.
b.
taxation and military service.
d.
representation and land ownership.
 

 11. 

What was the significance of Shays’ Rebellion?
a.
It added property rights to the Bill of Rights.
c.
It showed the need for a strong national government.
b.
It created a government agency to investigate property rights.
d.
It allowed farmers to avoid taxation.
 

 12. 

Which of the following best describes federalism as practiced in the United States?
a.
All laws must be passed by the national government.
c.
The states and the national government share power.
b.
Separate nations form the United States.
d.
States must ask the national government to pass laws.
 

 13. 

Which of the following did George Washington advise Americans to do in his Farewell Address? A B C D
a.
ban British imports to the United States
c.
support the development of political parties
b.
fight against impressments by the British navy
d.
avoid “entangling alliances” with other nations
 

 14. 

Which of the following powers is not granted to the United States Congress in the Constitution?
a.
declaration of war
c.
creation of money
b.
judicial review
d.
collection of taxes
 

 15. 

Use the excerpt below to answer the following question.

It was a feature peculiar to the colonial wars of North America, that the toils and dangers of the wilderness were to be encountered before the adverse hosts could meet. A wide and apparently an impervious boundary of forests severed the possessions of the hostile provinces… —James Fenimore Cooper, The Last of the Mohicans (1826)

American novelist James Fenimore Cooper is best known for his novels about
a.
political life
c.
plantation life
b.
city life
d.
frontier life
 

 16. 

Use the excerpt below to answer the following question.

We are assembled to protest against a form of government existing without the consent of the governed—to declare our right to be free as man is free, to be represented in the government which we are taxed to support. . . July 19, 1848

The statement above expressed the goals of which of the following?
a.
the Independence Movement
c.
the Women’s Suffrage Movement
b.
the Prohibition Movement
d.
the Transcendental Movement
 

 17. 

The belief that the United States was meant to spread across the continent represents the idea of
a.
sectionalism
c.
the Monroe Doctrine.
b.
the Compromise of 1850.
d.
Manifest Destiny.
 

 18. 

Which of the following was a cause of the War of 1812?
a.
the attack on Washington, D.C.
c.
the impressment of American sailors
b.
the Boston Massacre
d.
the sinking of the Guerrière
 

 19. 

The Supreme Court’s ruling in Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857) stated that
a.
Congress could not ban slavery in the territories.
c.
an enslaved person brought to a free territory was considered to be free.
b.
an enslaved person should be set free upon his or her owner’s death.
d.
African-Americans had the same rights as any other United States citizen
 

 20. 

What was the main purpose of the Lewis and Clark expedition?
a.
to determine the best location for building the Transcontinental Railroad
c.
to explore the Louisiana Territory
b.
to find possible areas to use for Native American relocation
d.
to establish trade routes to San Francisco
 

 21. 

The Monroe Doctrine stated that the United States
a.
would allow the colonization of lands west of the Mississippi by European countries.
c.
would not allow the slave trade with Mexico and Canada to continue.
b.
would not allow any European interference in the Western Hemisphere.
d.
would encourage westward expansion and the settlement of the Oregon Territory.
 

 22. 


mc022-1.jpg
Which area on the map above was gained by the United States in 1848 as a result of the Mexican-American War?
a.
1
c.
3
b.
2
d.
4
 

 23. 

Which of the following was a result of the Missouri Compromise?
a.
an upset in the balance between free and slave states in the Senate
c.
loud, violent protests in Missouri
b.
a maintaining of the balance between slave and free states
d.
the secession of Southern states from the Union
 

 24. 

The spoils system was used by Andrew Jackson to
a.
reward Native Americans for their land.
c.
oppose the Supreme Court.
b.
weaken the National Bank.
d.
appoint political supporters to government jobs.
 

 25. 

All of the following were leaders of the Abolitionist Movement except
a.
Frederick Douglass.
c.
Mary McLeod Bethune.
b.
Harriet Tubman.
d.
William Lloyd Garrison.
 

 26. 

How did Henry Clay’s American System propose to improve the nation’s transportation system?
a.
by increasing the number of ships coming into and going out of the nation’s ports
c.
by investing in steamboat technology
b.
by creating more canals and roads in the South and West
d.
by expanding the nation’s railway system into the West
 

 27. 

Under the Compromise of 1850, California was admitted to the Union as a
a.
home for Native Americans.
c.
refuge for immigrants from Texas
b.
slave state
d.
free state
 

 28. 

Use the chart below to answer the following question.

mc028-1.jpg
The cotton gin was invented in 1793. Based upon your analysis of the chart above, what were the long-term effects of this invention?
a.
an increase in cotton production and a decrease in the slave population
c.
an increase in cotton production and an increase in the slave population
b.
a decrease in cotton production and an increase in the slave population
d.
no effects
 

 29. 

The Emancipation Proclamation declared that
a.
all enslaved persons would be freed.
c.
enslaved persons in the border states would be freed.
b.
enslaved persons in the Confederate states would be freed.
d.
all enslaved persons would receive forty acres and a mule.
 

 30. 

The idea that states have the right to reject laws made by Congress is called
a.
popular sovereignty.
c.
nullification.
b.
federalism.
d.
checks and balances.
 

 31. 

What was significant about the soldiers of the 54th Massachusetts Regiment during the Civil War?
a.
They fired the first shots of the war at Fort Sumter.
c.
They suffered the most casualties of any regiment in the war.
b.
They were the first Northern troops to defect to the South.
d.
They made up one of the first African-American regiments in the war.
 

 32. 

What was the significance of the Battle of Gettysburg?
a.
The South did not invade Northern territories again.
c.
It was the turning point of the war.
b.
Lee lost nearly 1/3 of his army.
d.
All of the above are true.
 

 33. 

Use the excerpts below to answer the following question.

Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside… —The Fourteenth Amendment Ratified July 9, 1868

Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. —The Fifteenth Amendment Ratified February 3, 1870

The excerpts from Amendments 14 and 15 were mainly involved with which of the following goals?
a.
punishing former Confederate soldiers
c.
giving women the right to vote
b.
giving rights to formerly enslaved persons
d.
increasing the rights of immigrants
 

 34. 

The Freedman’s Bureau kept all of its promises except
a.
providing every newly freed slave with forty acres and a mule.
c.
setting up schools for newly freed slaves.
b.
helping resolve disputes between whites and blacks.
d.
providing relief for those people displaced by the war.
 

 35. 

Use the graphs below to answer the following question.

mc035-1.jpg
Which statement best reflects the information contained in the above graphs?
a.
The percentage of immigrants from southern and eastern Europe increased from 1841 to 1900.
c.
The percentage of immigrants from northern and western Europe increased from 1841 to 1900.
b.
The percentage of immigrants from the Americas remained the same from 1841 to 1900.
d.
The percentage of immigrants from all other groups increased dramatically from 1841 to 1900.
 

 36. 

Which of the following was not an example of new technology during the Civil War?
a.
the use of deadlier cannons and bullets
c.
the use of ironclad warships
b.
the use of bayonets
d.
the use of more accurate rifles
 

 37. 

Which of the following factors led to increased tensions between Native Americans and white settlers?
a.
disputes over oil rights
c.
conflicts over land and resources
b.
alliances between Native Americans and Canada
d.
pollution from railroads
 

 38. 

Use the quote below to answer the following question.

Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable. —Daniel Webster (Senator from Massachusetts), January 26, 1830

The quote expresses Webster’s belief that
a.
the South has a right to secede from the Union.
c.
the South should not be permitted to secede from the Union.
b.
the North should not go to war if the South secedes from the Union.
d.
the North should go to war to secede from the Union.
 

 39. 

Poll taxes, literacy tests, and grandfather clauses were designed by Southern lawmakers
a.
allow African-Americans to vote.
c.
prevent African-Americans from own land.
b.
prevent African-Americans from voting
d.
allow African-Americans to run for office.
 

 40. 

Use the map below to answer the following question.

mc040-1.jpg
During the Civil War, the border states played a significant role. Which area on the above map represents the border states?
a.
1
c.
3
b.
2
d.
4
 

 41. 

What was one of the immediate goals of Congress during the Reconstruction era?
a.
to force the Confederate states to rebuild the North
c.
to establish an economic system in the Confederate states
b.
to readmit the Confederate states to the Union
d.
to free all African-Americans from slavery
 

 42. 

Use the excerpt below to answer the following question.

A house divided against itself cannot stand. I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free. I do not expect the Union to be dissolved—I do not expect the house to fall—but I do expect it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing, or all the other. Abraham Lincoln “House Divided” speech, June 16, 1858

Based on the excerpt, what was Lincoln suggesting would happen in the United States?
a.
Slavery would be abolished in the United States.
c.
The United States would divide into two separate countries.
b.
Slavery would spread to the territories.
d.
The issue of slavery would have to be resolved.
 

 43. 

Who was the inventor of the cotton gin?
a.
Thomas Edison
c.
Thomas Jefferson
b.
Henry Ford
d.
Eli Whitney
 

 44. 

Which abolitionist preached that violence would be necessary in the fight to free slaves?
a.
John Quincy Adams
c.
Frederick Douglass
b.
John Brown
d.
Benjamin Franklin
 

 45. 

Which abolitionist was both an escaped slave and a famous conductor for the Underground Railroad?
a.
John Brown
c.
Angelina Grimke
b.
William Llyod Garrison
d.
Harriet Tubman
 

 46. 

The Civil War began at
a.
Lexington and Concord
c.
Appomattox Court House
b.
Fort Sumter
d.
Gettysburg
 

 47. 

What critical event in the Civil War happened at Appomattox?
a.
The South broke through the Northern blockade.
c.
Lee won a battle in the North.
b.
Lee surrendered to Grant.
d.
The first battle of ironclads was fought.
 

 48. 

Black codes were designed to
a.
help African Americans get jobs.
c.
get cheap laborers for landowners.
b.
make voting easier for African Americans.
d.
limit the rights of African Americans.
 

 49. 

The Freedmen’s Bureau helped African Americans
a.
buy land in the West.
c.
buy old plantations.
b.
get an education.
d.
move to the North.
 

 50. 

Reading tests and poll taxes made it harder for 
a.
people to cheat at the polls.
c.
African Americans to vote.
b.
whites to take advantage of blacks.
d.
politicians to trick voters.
 

 51. 

What do the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth amendments all have in common? 
a.
They ended the Civil War.
c.
They were intended to correct injustices created by slavery in the  United States.
b.
They increased the power of the Southern states.
d.
They granted civil rights to soldiers who had fought for the Confederacy.
 

 52. 

During what period in the history of the United States were the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth amendments passed?
a.
during the Civil War
c.
when the Founding Fathers were writing the Constitution
b.
during the period leading up to the Civil War
d.
during Reconstruction
 



 
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