Name: 
 

World History Review



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

The Inca believed that their leaders were direct descendants of
a.
Pizarro.
c.
the Sun God.
b.
Quetzalcotl.
d.
the Maya.
 

 2. 

According to Islam, Muhammad was
a.
the first to understand the meaning of the Christian Bible.
c.
an Islamic scholar who worked to preserve Greek learning.
b.
an angel sent to earth by God to help the poor.
d.
the prophet through whom God revealedhis final message.
 

 3. 

The Maya and Aztec civilizations developed 
a.
strong navies.
c.
accurate calendars.
b.
monotheistic religions.
d.
complex rope bridges.
 

 4. 

The trans-Saharan trade had all of the following effects on West Africa except
a.
spreading Christianity.
c.
spreading Islam.
b.
bringing economic growth.
d.
increasing the salt and gold trade.
 

 5. 

Which of these helped the Spanish defeat the Aztec empire?
a.
Cortés’s alliances with the Aztec’s local enemies
c.
Cuzco’s geographic location
b.
the Spanish army’s greater size
d.
Montezuma’s initial refusal to meet with Cortés
 

 6. 

How is Islam related to Judaism and Christianity?
a.
Islam is unrelated to Judaism and Christianity.
c.
Islam was the inspiration for Judaism and Christianity.
b.
All three faiths believe that Jesus was the son of God.
d.
All three faiths are monotheistic religions.
 

 7. 

All of the following are lasting contributions of Rome except
a.
aqueducts and arches.
c.
the Olympic games.
b.
Latin roots and prefixes.
d.
the concept of citizenship.
 

 8. 

• First public hospital
• Encyclopedia of drugs
• Descriptions of diseases
• First pharmacy school

What do the items in the above list have in common?
a.
They are concepts that Muslims borrowed from other cultures.
c.
They are achievements of the Empire of Ghana.
b.
They are Muslim contributions to the field of medicine.
d.
They are contributions of the Roman Empire to the field of medicine.
 

 9. 

Which of the following helped to spread the Arabic language in West Africa?
a.
a decrease in salt mining
c.
an increase in contact with Muslims from southern Africa
b.
an increase in trans-Saharan trade
d.
an increased interest in Greek literature
 

 10. 

The economy of Ghana was dependent upon the trade of
a.
grain and salt.
c.
gold and oil.
b.
salt and gold.
d.
grain and slaves.
 

 11. 

mc011-1.jpg
Based on the map, which of the following may have contributed to the fall of the Roman Empire?
a.
the location of the Mediterranean Sea
c.
numerous river systems
b.
difficulty defending a large area
d.
lack of useful farmland
 

 12. 

The establishment of Constantinople as the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire
a.
maintained unity in the Roman Empire.
c.
increased unity in the Christian church.
b.
protected against barbarian invasions.
d.
shifted power to the east.
 

 13. 

All of the following are core beliefs of Islam except
a.
praying five times a day.
c.
taking a pilgrimage to Mt. Hira.
b.
giving alms to the poor.
d.
fasting during the month of Ramadan.
 

 14. 

mc014-1.jpg
On the map above, which letter indicates the location of the Inca Empire?
a.
a
c.
c
b.
b
d.
d
 

 15. 

mc015-1.jpg

Based on the map, what advantage did Mali have over Ghana?
a.
The Mali Empire was close to the Taghaza salt mines.
c.
The Mali Empire was close to the Mediterranean Sea.
b.
The Mali Empire’s size improved internal communication.
d.
The Mali Empire used the Niger River as a trade route.
 

 16. 

Feudalism in Europe developed out of a need for
a.
protection and stability.
c.
educational opportunities.
b.
opportunities for the poor.
d.
the development of guilds.
 

 17. 

mc017-1.jpg

Based on the map above, which area had the greatest influence on Japan?
a.
a
c.
c
b.
b
d.
d
 

 18. 

One result of increased contact between Europeans and other cultures during the Crusades was
a.
the increased migration of Jews and Muslims into Europe.
c.
the establishment of a common currencthroughout Europe.
b.
a transfer of knowledge of science and medicine from the Islamic world to Europe.
d.
increased unity between Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholics in Europe.
 

 19. 

Which of the following describes the significance of the Magna Carta?
a.
It was one of the first documents to protect the rights of the people.
c.
It created a constitutional democracy.
b.
It created the power of the monarchy.
d.
It led to the Great Schism in the Catholic Church.
 

 20. 

mc020-1.jpg

The above chart reflects which of the following?
a.
the political structure of feudal Japan
c.
the social structure of ancient China
b.
the religious structure of the Eastern Roman Empire
d.
the political structure of Medieval Europe
 

 21. 

The invention of paper, wood-block printing, and moveable type in China contributed to
a.
the spread of learning.
c.
a new dynasty in power.
b.
an increase in trade.
d.
the rise of social classes.
 

 22. 

Bushido, the Japanese warrior code, emphasized  the importance of
a.
loyalty.
c.
obtaining wealth.
b.
the pursuit of power.
d.
the importance of the individual.
 

 23. 

Use the excerpt to answer the following question.

“Does anyone doubt that the priests of Christ are to be considered as fathers and masters of kings and princes of all believers?”    — Pope Gregory VII, from a letter to the Bishop of Metz, 1081.

This excerpt is an example of
a.
the conflict between the middle class and the Church during the medieval period.
c.
a declaration of war on the Church by the monarchy of England.
b.
the conflict between the monarchy and the Church during the medieval period.
d.
a request for cooperation by the monarchy to the Church.
 

 24. 

The Catholic Church was responsible for all of the following in Medieval Europe except
a.
the writing of the Magna Carta.
c.
the creation of religious orders.
b.
the founding of universities.
d.
the preservation of Latin language and texts.
 

 25. 

All of the following were developed in China during the Tang and Song Dynasties except.
a.
eyeglasses.
c.
gunpowder.
b.
paper money.
d.
the compass.
 

 26. 

The rise of military society in the late 1100s in Japan was the result of
a.
the influence of Buddhism from China.
c.
a shortage of rice.
b.
the weakening central government.
d.
Mongol invasions.
 

 27. 

During the Tang Dynasty, a person who passed the exam for government positions could become
a.
an emperor.
c.
a government poet.
b.
a scholar-official.
d.
a Buddhist monk.
 

 28. 

Samurai in Medieval Japan were
a.
the most intellectual members of Japanese society.
c.
the business leaders of Japanese society.
b.
the military elite of Japanese society.
d.
the religious leaders of Japanese society.
 

 29. 

mc029-1.jpg
Which letter shows the route of Columbus’s first voyage to the New World?
a.
a
c.
c
b.
b
d.
d
 

 30. 

One weakness of the Catholic Church that led to the Reformation was
a.
the founding of the Jesuit order.
c.
a shortage of money.
b.
the sale of indulgences.
d.
Henry VIII of England’s Act of Supremacy.
 

 31. 

Leonardo da Vinci accomplished each of the following except
a.
inventing the printing press.
c.
incorporating elements of geometry in his paintings.
b.
adding to the scientific knowledge of anatomy.
d.
painting the Last Supper and Mona Lisa.
 

 32. 

Martin Luther’s main belief was that
a.
the sale of indulgences was an acceptable practice.
c.
the Bible had to be written in Latin.
b.
the Church should follow a hierarchy.
d.
the Bible is the only source of religious truth.
 

 33. 

The idea of predestination was emphasized by
a.
Desiderius Erasmus.
c.
John Calvin.
b.
Henry VIII.
d.
Christopher Columbus.
 

 34. 

mc034-1.jpg
The chart above represents the steps involved in which of the following?
a.
the Enlightenment
c.
the theory of gravity
b.
the scientific method
d.
scientific rationalism
 

 35. 

Humanism was an intellectual movement that emphasized
a.
the paintings of great Renaissance artists.
c.
the worth and potential of all individuals.
b.
new advances in scientific practices.
d.
renewed faith in the Catholic Church.
 

 36. 

Galileo’s use of the telescope helped to prove
a.
Newton’s laws of motion.
c.
Bacon’s scientific method.
b.
Copernicus’s theories of a sun-centered solar system.
d.
Ptolemy’s theory of an Earth-centered solar system.
 

 37. 

The concept of capitalism is characterized by
a.
a free-market economy.
c.
government control.
b.
mercantilism.
d.
democracy.
 

 38. 

mc038-1.jpg
Based on the information in the map above, which branch of Protestantism spread within France?
a.
Lutheran
c.
Church of England
b.
Catholocism
d.
Calvinism
 

 39. 

“It is necessary that by the arrangement of things, power checks power.” —Charles-Louis Montesquieu The Spirit of Laws, 1748

The speaker in the passage above is referring to
a.
natural rights.
c.
powers of the monarchy.
b.
separation of powers.
d.
freedom of speech.
 

 40. 

The challenging of scientific ideas beginning inthe 1500s was known as the
a.
Scientific Inquisition.
c.
Scientific Revolution.
b.
Scientific Method.
d.
Scientific Reformation.
 

 41. 

All of the following were effects of the use of the printing press in Europe except
a.
a growth in literacy.
c.
increased availability of Bibles.
b.
the spread of Renaissance ideas.
d.
the increased power of the Catholic Church.
 

 42. 

The plays of William Shakespeare best represent
a.
Renaissance advances in philosophy.
c.
medieval advances in literature.
b.
Renaissance advances in literature.
d.
medieval advances in philosophy.
 

 43. 

The Council of Trent and the founding of the Jesuit order were
a.
results of demands made by Pope Urban II.
c.
features of the Protestant Reformation.
b.
a response to the Great Schism.
d.
attempts to reform the Catholic Church from within.
 



 
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