Social Studies
Primary Sources

General Sites

Common Core State Standards

Reading Like a Historian - The Reading Like a Historian curriculum engages students in historical inquiry. Each lesson revolves around a central historical question and features sets of primary documents modified for groups of students with diverse reading skills and abilities.

Four Worlds of History - CALIS has developed an analytical framework for history and the social sciences. Students in our pilot project are able to tackle more content with greater complexity. Teachers see new levels of student engagement in critical thinking and understanding, grades 6-12.

Four Worlds of History Database - All the lessons are free and ready to edit for the needs of your own classroom

Common Core State Standard Initiative

Teaching the Common Core - from Gildern Lehrman

SMARTER Balanced Assessment Consortium - The Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium (Smarter Balanced) is a state-led consortium working to develop next-generation assessments that accurately measure student progress toward college- and career-readiness. Smarter Balanced is one of two multistate consortia awarded funding from the U.S. Department of Education in 2010 to develop an assessment system aligned to the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) by the 2014-15 school year.

Preparing Students for College, Career, and Citizenship: A California Guide to Align Civic Education and the Common Core State Standards

Linking the Common Core State Standards for Reading,. Classroom Instruction

Trickle or Tsunami?: Getting Involved with the Common Core Standards

Common Core State Standards: Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, & Technical Subjects

Transitioning to the Common Core State Standards in English Language Arts and Mathematics

Whole Brain Teaching - At the root of Whole Brain Teaching is a large amount of highly structured, educational tomfoolery. Students learn the most when they are having fun. Whole Brain Teaching classrooms are full of task-focused laughter. Humor and games are used to increase the number of times students repeat core information and practice basic skills. Our classes are highly disciplined and tightly organized because students have more fun following our rules, than ignoring them.

Education World - This is a great place to start looking for lesson plans on the web. Recent articles, web site reviews, and technology in the classroom are also highlighted.

Teachers.Net – Teacher discussion boards and chatrooms. Lesson plans, project ideas and teaching tools. Searchable teacher job listings and career resources.

Teachers.Net Gazette – The Teachers.Net Gazette features education news, commentary, teaching tips, lessons, pedagogy, classroom crafts, recipes, inspiration, humor, and free printables for the classroom.

Teachers.Net Lesson Bank – The Teachers.Net Lesson Bank is your opportunity to share your most precious asset - your teaching ideas and lesson plans! Now your genius and creativity can be used to touch lives around the world, and to help teachers reach students in ways they had never imagined before!

Teachnology's Lesson Plans Center - Over 30,000 free lesson plans for teachers.

Larry Ferlazzo’s Websites of the Day – Larry's great blog is updated daily and has wonderful ideas for teachers of all disciplines

Excuse Busters! - You're supposed to meet your mom at 5:00 and it's now 5:30... and there isn't any reason, or at least not one that you're going to tell. So then.... you have to make an Excuse!
What are excuses?
Why do we give them?
Which ones do we tend to give over and over? Does this tell us something about ourselves? What happens when we give them?
'Excuse Busters!' will explore all these questions and more. What will you come out knowing at the end of this assignment? More about yourself and a plan to help you get where you're going- without excuses!

Welcome to the Web – By working your way through this web site and taking part in the exciting challenges and activities, you will learn all about the Internet. Good luck!

Interesting Facts - Interesting, Amazing and Fun Facts

Building on Biographies: Bringing Real-Life Stories Into Your Curriculum!

Federal Resources for Educational Excellence

First-Day-of-School Icebreakers - Help Students and Teachers Warm Up!

Internet Archive: Way Back Machine – Browse through over 150 billion web pages archived from 1996 to a few months ago.

Discovery School - Associated with TLC and Discovery, this site links to pages that also include lesson plans with their videos. I have used the TLC videos and they are quite effective.

Teachers Helping Teachers - This site is designed by Dr. Scott Mandel. His site is full of great lesson ideas from all subjects.

Cybrary Man's Educational Web Sites – Cybrary Man’s Educational Web Sites is an attempt to provide a “one-stop educational links shopping” experience for students, teachers, administrators & parents. Originally started as a school library web site it is constantly being revised with up-to-date links for all grade levels.

Graphic Organizers - Here you will find 58 graphic organizers. They are PDF files. You will need an Adobe Reader to view and print them. If you do not have a Reader, you may download one here for free. Note: Some of the graphic organizers may be filled out (and then printed).

More Grahpic Organizers - Planning charts, sequence charts, four column charts, idea wheels, ladders, persuasion maps.... These are just some of the numerous graphic organizers available to you here.

PowerPoint Games – These games were created in PowerPoint. Download the templates and modify the games to fit your curriculum needs.

PowerPoint Activities – The following links include templates and examples of Jeopardy, Who Wants to Be a Millionaire, and Hollywood Squares games and other lesson ideas that were created using PowerPoint.

Stick It To ‘Em: Velcro Learning for Middle Years – How Does Talking Improve Student Learning? When students are talking, more oxygen gets sent to the brain. If we don’t have our students actively engaged or talking about their learning, the brain becomes deprived of oxygen and it goes to sleep. A yawn is the brains way of giving itself oxygen. Talking also stimulates the frontal lobe of the brain where most of the learning takes place. If your students are yawning, get them talking!

PBS Teachers - PBS Teachers contains over 3000 free lesson plans and activities that you can search by subject, grade level, keyword, or format. Subjects are Arts & Literature, Health & Fitness, Math, Science, Social Studies, Pre K-2, and Library Media. Some lessons align with National Standards, some are accompanied by video clips.

AwesomeStories - uniquely uses the Internet to link its story content to hundreds of thousands of the world's best on-line primary sources. Enjoy an interactive learning experience as you see relevant maps, pictures, artifacts, manuscripts and documents, IN CONTEXT, within each story. Take advantage of human-based searches for a safe, fast and fun way to learn the real story behind historic events, famous people, heroic exploits, legends, disasters, movies, plus topics of current and general interest.

What Pupils Tell Us About Teachers and Lessons

Best of the Icebreakers from Education World

A Kid's Guide to Famous U.S. Landmarks

Critical Thinking and Bloom's Taxonomy
Bloom's Taxonomy - This is a great way to get your students to ask higher-level thinking questions as well as learning how to ask them yourself.

Applying Bloom's Taxonomy

Bloom's Critical Thinking Questioning Strategies

Costa's Levels of Questions
Costa's Levels of Inquiry

Examples of Costa's Levels of Questions

Strategies for Reading Comprehension - ReadingQuest is designed to provide you with the philosophical bases for sound comprehension strategy instruction, directions for a range of comprehension and content reading strategies, and printable handouts and masters for transparencies. You will be invited to think about how a social studies skills framework might help you choose the right strategies for your lessons.

The World Heritage - This amazing site has panoramic pictures and interactive virtual reality movies for all sites registered as World Heritage by the UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization). It is a must see!

Links for K-12 Teachers - Helping Teachers use the Internet Effectively

Crossword Puzzles and Games - Create your own on-line crossword puzzles for free!

Templates for Teachers - printable welcome letters to parents, seating charts, award certificates, and much more.

Teacher Tools & Templates

Internt Tools Which Make a Teachers Life Easier

Free Stuff for Educators

Songs for Teaching - Using Music to Promote Learning

America Taking Action - A National Network of School Web Sites

Middle Web Curriculum and Resources - Web Sites for middle school teachers of all disciplines

FunBrain - On this site students can take quizzes on all kinds of subjects. You can also create your own quizzes. The world history quiz mirrors the 7th grade curriculum. is another site to make quizzes with. Games include hangman presidential quiz.

The New York Times Learning Network

Education Index® - an annotated guide to the best education-related sites on the Web. They're sorted by subject and lifestage, so you can find what you're looking for quickly and easily. - The PBS site has lots of great links including PBS programs and lesson plans.

No Dentist Left Behind - A must read for all teachers

Free Clip Art
Classroom Clipart
FreeFoto - Free Pictures

Free Animated Gif's
Animated State Flags
Animated World Flags

Learn Spanish with Pictures

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Social Studies Sites

LAUSD History Social-Science – A great resource for model lessons in world and U.S. history

SCORE History - This site has links related to the teaching of history in California. A must see.

Mr. Donn's History Lessons and Activities - This site is so amazing. Don and Lin Donn do a wonderful service to all history teachers with this site. It could take you weeks just to go through the whole thing.

Constitutional Rigths Foundation – Constitutional Rights Foundation (CRF) is a non-profit, non-partisan, community-based organization dedicated to educating America's young people about the importance of civic participation in a democratic society. The website is loaded with great, free resources for social studies teachers to use in their classrooms.

Center for Civic Education – The Center for Civic Education is a nonprofit, nonpartisan educational corporation that is “dedicated to promoting an enlightened and responsible citizenry committed to democratic principles." It offers free information and resources to that end.

iCivics - iCivics is a web-based education project designed to teach students civics and inspire them to be active participants in our democracy. iCivics is the vision of Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, who is concerned that students are not getting the information and tools they need for civic participation, and that civics teachers need better materials and support.

Mr. Dowling's Electronic Passport - Browse the world in a Virtual Classroom

Mr. Roughton's Classroom 2.0 - History Unit Guides with great ideas on how to use media in your classroom

History for Music Lovers - Video mini-lessons set to popular music: for example, the French Revolution to Lady Gaga's "Bad Romance" and Chinese Dynasties to Madonna's "Vogue."

World History For Us All – World History for Us All is a powerful, innovative model curriculum for teaching world history in middle and high schools. It offers a treasury of teaching units, lesson plans, and resources.

Picturing America – Picturing America, an exciting new initiative from the National Endowment for the Humanities, brings masterpieces of American art into classrooms and libraries nationwide. Through this innovative program, students and citizens will gain a deeper appreciation of our country’s history and character through the study and understanding of its art.

Mr. Langhorst's Web Classroom - An eighth grade teacher at South Valley Junior High School in Liberty, Missouri, is using podcastes to enrich his social studies curriculum and to help prepare his students for exams. "StudyCasts", audio reviews (podcastes) help his students prepare for upcoming unit tests. He also uses his "Speaking of History" podcasts as a tool to share with his students) interviews he's conducted with historians, museum directors, and tour guides from historic sites.

History is Elementary – A site for history teachers and anyone who enjoys reading about history and history education.

Teaching the Civil War with Technology

EyeWitness to History - History through the eyes who live it

Benchmarks of Historical Thinking – What should students know after 12 years of studying history in school? What should they be able to do with their knowledge? Surely they should have more than an accumulation of memorized facts to show for years of study. The Benchmarks Project combines the research of historians and educators with the experience and skills of classroom teachers to create practical ways of encouraging historical thinking in realistic classroom settings.

Kidipede - History for Kids - Homework Help for Middle School

California History-Social Science Course Models - Includes model lessons and standards. Very helpful to teachers incorporating California standards into their curriculum.

SOAPSTone: A Strategy for Reading and Writing

Digital History - ...a deep and well-done site "developed to support the teaching of American History in K-12 schools and colleges"; it includes a textbook, essays, multimedia presentations, a database of links, classroom handouts, and much more to make history come alive for students.

The TimeMaps – Atlas of World History is a FREE teaching resource that tells the story of human history through on interactive map.

HistoryWiz for students, teachers and lovers of history - A great site full of multimedia exhibits

Planning Constitution Day - Education World has gathered resources that should help you figure out just how you might recognize Constitution Day. Below you will find links to dozens of lesson ideas and other resources that should provide the tools you will need to recognize Constitution Day this year and in years to come.

The Constitution at Play – Welcome to the all-new, updated Justice by the People program. Featuring new lessons and printables throughout, Justice by the People continues to help you build your students’ language arts skills and further their understanding of civics and social studies. This national standards–based program, generously sponsored by the Foundation of the American Board of Trial Advocates, brings to life topics ranging from the Constitution to the Jury System in a fun, multimedia learning experience.

Social Studies for Kids

Primary Sources

Massachusetts Historical Society - The Massachusetts Historical Society (MHS) is an independent research library and manuscript repository. Its holdings encompass millions of rare and unique documents and artifacts vital to the study of American history, many of them irreplaceable national treasures. A few examples include correspondence between John and Abigail Adams, such as her famous "Remember the ladies"; several imprints of the Declaration of Independence; and Thomas Jefferson's architectural drawings. It is a great place to visit if you are ever in the Boston area.

Reading Like a Historian - The Reading Like a Historian curriculum engages students in historical inquiry. Each lesson revolves around a central historical question and features sets of primary documents modified for groups of students with diverse reading skills and abilities.

Teaching With Documents - Document Based Question / Constructed Response Question

Using Primary Source Documents in the Classroom – Suggestions for using primary sources were compiled from the National Digital Library's Educators' Forum

Teaching with Primary Sources – Using the rich online sources of the Library of Congress to help students learn about congress, representative democracy, and citizen participation

NARA Digital Classroom - Teaching With Documents – Teaching with primary documents encourages a varied learning environment for teachers and students alike. Lectures, demonstrations, analysis of documents, independent research, and group work become a gateway for reasearch with historical records in ways that sharpen students' skills and enthusiasm for history, social studies, and the humanities.

National Archives Teachers' Resources

Primary Source Tool Box - Primary Sources can be valuable teaching tools. These articles and other materials focus on the benefits of teaching with documents.

Teachable Documents and Online Exhibitions - The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History

Links to Primary and Fundamental Documents – This page contains links to a growing number of documents, dating back almost 3800 years to the time of Hammurabi, that have been among the cornerstones of human civilzation. They have influenced our perceptions and practice of statecraft, diplomacy, and the rights and responsibilities of communities, and of individuals. Their influence has persisted, often over centuries, as part of the conditions in which we live now and envision the future.

DESCRIBE: A Strategy for Making Text-Based Primary Sources More Accessible - Integrating primary sources into the K-12 curriculum provides students with exciting learning opportunities and benefits. Using primary sources, however, also presents challenges, especially for students with disabilities. In order to address these challenges and make primary sources more accessible to all students, teachers need effective and powerful instructional strategies.

Reading Like a Historian – The Reading Like a Historian curriculum engages students in historical inquiry. Each lesson revolves around a central historical question and features sets of primary documents modified for groups of students with diverse reading skills and abilities.

The Library of Congress for Teachers – The Library of Congress is the nation's oldest federal cultural institution and serves as the research arm of Congress. It is also the largest library in the world, with millions of books, recordings, photographs, maps and manuscripts in its collections. Ready-to-use materials that bring the Library’s primary sources into the classroom.

Teaching American History – Free seminars and Summer Institutes for Social Studies Teachers

Calisphere - Calisphere is the University of California's free public gateway to a world of primary sources. More than 150,000 digitized items — including photographs, documents, newspaper pages, political cartoons, works of art, diaries, transcribed oral histories, advertising, and other unique cultural artifacts — reveal the diverse history and culture of California and its role in national and world history. Calisphere's content has been selected from the libraries and museums of the UC campuses, and from a variety of cultural heritage organizations.

Interactives – Become a document detective! Use your sleuthing skills to figure out when and where an historical event took place by examining some primary sources and using an educated guess to pinpoint them on a map and timeline. Then, test your document expertise and analytical skills by answering questions about them.

Geography Links and Lesson Plans
Mr. Donn's World Geography Page - A must see for geography teachers.

Maps and Geography Lesson Plans – is a collection of map and geography resources. This collection of map and geography resources includes state and world maps, satellite images, lesson plans, classroom activities, projects and much more.

Xpeditions - National Geographic - Xpeditions is home to the U.S. National Geography Standards—and to thousands of ideas, tools, and interactive adventures that bring them to life.

Geography Teaching Ideas - Links to some wonderful Geography toys and games, recommended books about Geography, and some links to other useful Geography sites.

Online Map Games - Fun online interactive map games from

Archival Maps – Most of the old maps in Archival Maps' collections are scanned from the archives of the Library Of Congress. These reproductions of antique maps are made from the highest quality paper and best inks available.

Journey of Mankind – Peopling the World

All About the United States - Reinforce state facts with these free interactive online games from Sheppard Software.

Google Earth Lessons

Geography A-Z Activity - Education World presents three fun printable geography features for your students. These work sheet series will challenge students to learn about geography as they explore famous places around the world one letter at a time, learn about Europe's most famous landmarks, and track Mrs. Waffenschmidt to all corners of the Earth. Click each headline below to see our three different Geography A to Z features.

A World of Learning: Geography Activities for Geography Week

Geography Awareness Week

GeoNet Game - Students can practice their geography knowledge on this interactive game. Choose from the United States or the World Map to start, then select from a variety of knowledge categories for each division.

The Five Themes of Geography

Latitude and Longitude

U.S.A. Atlas: Maps and Geography of the United States


Color Landform Atlas of the United States

I Know That – Tons of different kinds of map games that are informative and fun.

Placespotting – Students are shown a spot on the map, and given a series of riddles to help them determine what it is.

Mapping Our World – A series of animated and audio lesson on maps, and the accuracy and inaccuracy of their projections affect our view of the world.

Outline Maps
D-Maps - To date, contains 32510 maps, each one proposed in 6 graphic formats
Free outline maps of the world
Free Blank Outline Maps of the Countries and Continents of the World
Prentice Hall's Online Map Bank

The Internet Medieval Sourcebook - An index of selected and excerpted texts for teaching purposes. Since it had grown too large for many users to manage, as of October 10 1998, it has been extensively reorganized. For teachers who wish to refer students to the Sourcebook, this page is the best starting point.

Internet Ancient History Sourcebook

ClassZone - Creating America: Beginnings through World War I - Want to become an American history expert? With all the exciting resources, activities, and links right at your fingertips, you're well on your way! Click on one of the chapters below to begin your exploration. It's that easy!

Historical Tect Archive - The HTA publishes high quality articles, books, essays, documents, historical photos, and links, screened for content, for a broad range of historical subjects. A Must see for primary source documents.

Interactive Timeline Creator

Popular Songs in American History

You’re Sure to Ratify These Lessons! - Lessons for Teaching about the U.S. Constitution

I Love That Teaching Idea - Social Studies

Establishing Borders - The Expansion of the United States, 1846-48

Letters from the Japanese American Internment

Winning the Vote - How Americans elect their president

Ancient Mesopotamia Teacher Resource Center

Fabulous Fun with the Greek Myths - Take a class voyage into the world of the Greek mythology's rich and powerful stories

Lessons about the Middle Ages
The Middle Ages - Twelve Activities Take Students Back in Time!
Kids in the Castle - Lessons, Activities, and Virtual Tours!
Days and Days of Knights - A Unit on the Middle Ages

Mapmaking with Lewis and Clark

National Geographic Education Guide

The History Place - A magazine of the past that's filled with pictures, helpful historical timelines, and homework help. Don't forget to click the picture of the week.

George Washington Lives! -- On the Internet!

Explore the Civil War - Links to many Civil War web pages and activities

Holocaust Unit - Many links and activities relating the the Holocaust

Teaching the Holocaust

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AVID - Advancement Via Individual Determination

AVID Online

AVID Middle School Website

AVID Tips for Schools

How to Write Cornell Notes

Costa's and Bloom's
Costa's Levels of Inquiry

Examples of Costa's Levels of Questions

Bloom's Taxonomy

Developing Questions for Critical Thinking

Gifted Education

Depth and Complexity Posters Menu

Themes and Big Ideas

GATE Teachers Chatboard


Back to Mr. Kash's History Page