Textbook Reading Strategies

Reading Guide Activities

1. Ask and answer a "Why does it make sense" question for each paragraph.
2. Cite an example of power, conflict, or change.
3. Make a drawing and write a caption to show what the page is about.
4. State three facts.
5. 7th Grade - GRAPES - Geography, Religion, Achievements, Political, Economic, Social
8th Grade INSPECT - Ideas, Natural/Geographic, Social, Political, Economic, Cultural, Technology
6. Text Structure - Problem/Solution, Cause and Effect, Compare/Contrast, Sequence of events, Key Details

Common non-fiction text structures include:

Description - When authors define a topic they use description.

Sequence - putting facts, events, or concepts in their order of occurrence.
Signal words, like first, second, third, then, next, last, before, after, and finally indicate order of events.

Comparison and contrast - involves identification of similarities and differences between facts, concepts, people, and so forth.
Signal words include same as, alike, similar to, resembles, compared to, different from, unlike, but, and yet.  

Cause and effect - includes a description of cause and the resulting effects.
Signal words include if, so, so that, because of, as a result of, since, in order to, and the words cause and effect.   

Problem solution - structure shows the development of a problem and its solution.
Signal words include problem, solution, because, cause, since, as a result, and so that.

Statement: Main idea with supporting details

Visualization - What do you see, hear, smell, taste, feel?

Why does it make sense, Question and answers.

Rule: If you are unclear of the text structure, turn heading into a question or words in bold into questions.

Rule: If its a story, Write the 5 senses Visualization.